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ID: 7016816
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7016816

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Belgrade (inhabited place)  Belgrade (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 44 50 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 44.8333  decimal degrees
Long: 020 30 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 20.5000  decimal degrees

Note: Situated at confluence of Danube & Sava rivers; captured by Byzantine Empire; controlled by Franks & Bulgars, became Serbian in 1284, later held by Ottomans & Turks; fell to Germans in WW I & II; an 18th-cen. citadel & a 19th-cen. cathedral still stands.

Names:
Beograd (preferred,C,V)
Belgrad (C,O)
Belgrade (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Belgrado (C,O)
Singidunum (H,V)  ............ Roman fortification, destroyed by Avars in 6th cen.
Alba Bulgarica (H,O)
Alba Graeca (H,O)
Belgrada (H,O)
Bellogradum Pelgrannum (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Serbia (nation)  ........  Serbia (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of lost & found/Serbia (miscellaneous)  ............  lost & found/Serbia (miscellaneous) (P)
Hierarchy of Belgrade (inhabited place)  ................  Belgrade (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  had Stone Age settlements, was later built up around ancient Celtic fortress, eventually became a Roman fortress
city (C)
national capital (C)  ............  from 1921, capital of new nation from 1992
industrial center (C)  ............  motors, tractors & combines, machine tools, electrical equipment, chemicals, textiles, building materials & food processing
transportation center (C)  ............  for air, river, road & railroad traffic
commercial center (C)  ............  since Turkish period & largest in country, handling more than half of country's foreign trade
archaeological site (C)  ............  noted for prehistoric weapons & armor, Roman cemetery & temple, & Roman castrum & fortress
cultural center (C)  ............  includes several museums of which the oldest, National Museum, founded in 1844; many parks, palaces & churches
educational center (C)  ............  home to several universities, including University of Belgrade (founded 1863), seat of the Serbian Academy of Sciences
capital (H)  ............  from 1402-1440 under Stephen Lazarević's Serbian rule, from 1807-13 after 1st Serbian uprising under Karageorge, & in 1867

Sources and Contributors:
Alba Bulgarica..........  [VP]
.............................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 10
Alba Graeca..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 10
Belgrad..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (Reprinted 1994) I-17
Belgrada..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 10
Belgrade..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 131
Belgrado..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (Reprinted 1994) I-17
Bellogradum Pelgrannum..........  [VP]
.........................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 10
Beograd..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 63
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 26
Singidunum..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.......................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12655
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 10
.......................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 841
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 131
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 63
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12655
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 10
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 841
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (Reprinted 1994) I-17
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 26
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 131
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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