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ID: 7012928
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7012928

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Esslingen (inhabited place)  Esslingen (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 48 45 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 48.7500  decimal degrees
Long: 009 18 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 9.3000  decimal degrees

Note: The town of Esslingen is located on the Neckar River in the district of Stuttgart in southwestern Germany at a site of commanding, strategic height. It lies at the center of a fertile wine-producing and fruit-growing area. Documented in 777 as Cella and in 866 as Hetsilinga, it was fortified and chartered about 1219. It was a free imperial city until it passed to Württemberg in 1802. Historic architecture includes three town halls, the old citadel standing upon a high crest, and the Church of Our Lady, built between 1321 and 1516, the first structure to be designed in the Swabian gothic style. The 2004 estimated population was 91,600.

Names:
Esslingen (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Esslingen (German-P,U,N)
Esslingen am Neckar (C,V,German,U,N)
Eszlingen (NA,V)
Eszlingen am Neckar (NA,V)
Cella (H,V)  ............ name documented in 777
Hetsilinga (H,V)  ............ name documented in 866

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Baden-Württemberg (state)  ............  Baden-Württemberg (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Esslingen (inhabited place)  ................  Esslingen (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first documented in 8th century, chartered ca. 1220
city (C)
manufacturing center (C)
agricultural center (C)
imperial city (H)  ............  status held 1360-1802

Sources and Contributors:
Cella..........  [VP]
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 567
Esslingen..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 282
....................  Dehio Handbuch: Baden-Würtemb. (1964)
....................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 63
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 379
Esslingen am Neckar..........  [BHA, VP]
...................................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
...................................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 63
...................................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Eszlingen..........  [VP]
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Eszlingen am Neckar..........  [VP]
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Hetsilinga..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 567
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 282
..................  Dehio Handbuch: Baden-Würtemb. (1964)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 567
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Esslingen am Nackar NAF80123094, accessed 11 Feb. 2004
..................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1767916
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 63
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 379
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 11 Feb. 2004

 

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