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ID: 7012580
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7012580

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Baku (inhabited place)  Baku (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 40 22 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 40.3667  decimal degrees
Long: 049 53 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 49.8833  decimal degrees

Note: The present-day capital of Azerbaijan, Baku, which lies on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, was first recorded as a settlement in 885 CE. The Persians made the city their capital in the 12th century. It was taken by Peter I the Great in 1723, but re-taken by Persia in 1735, and in 1806, the Russians captured the city. It has been the capital since 1920. Baku is a major petroleum center, oil having been discovered in the region around the 8th century. The Russians began commercially exploiting Baku's oil reserves in 1872, and the city became a production center for oil industry equipment as well. Baku's center is known as fortress of Icheri-Shekher, or the old town, which contains many ancient buildings, including the tower of Kyz-Kalasy (12th century), and the Synyk-Kala Minaret and Mosque (11th century). The walled city of Baku (including its structures) was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Names:
Bakı (preferred,C,V)
Baku (C,V,English-P,U,N)
Bākū (C,V)
Baki (C,V)
Bakou (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Azerbaijan (nation)  ........  Azerbaijan (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Bakı (special city)  ............  Bakı (special city) (P)
Hierarchy of Baku (inhabited place)  ................  Baku (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  remains indicate ancient settlement
city (C)
national capital (C)
industrial center (C)
educational center (C)
capital (H)  ............  of Shīrvān-Shāhs, 12th cen.

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Azerbaijan .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Asia) [7006646]

Sources and Contributors:
Baki..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Bakı..........  [VP]
...........  Britannica Book of the Year (1999) 549
Bakou..........  [VP]
..............  Rand McNally Atlas (Reprinted 1994) I-13
Baku..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
...........  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 1:816-817
...........  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Bākū..........  [VP]
...........  Grove Art Online (2008-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1999) 549
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 816-817
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (Reprinted 1994) I-13
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 12 January 2009

 

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