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ID: 7011840
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7011840

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Brno (inhabited place)  Brno (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 49 13 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 49.2167  decimal degrees
Long: 016 40 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 16.6667  decimal degrees

Note: Brno is situated at the junction of the Svratka and Svitava Rivers in the eastern hilly country of the Bohemian highlands in the Czech Republic. It is the second largest city in the nation. The locality shows traces of Neolithic and Cro-Magnon inhabitants, and of Celtic and Slavic settlements in historic times. The town began developing with German colonization in the 13th century, and became an incorporated city in 1243. The margraves of Moravia took the city in the 14th century and held it successfully until the 18th century, despite several sieges. French troops occupied it in 1805 before Napoleon's victory over united Austrian and Russian forces southeast of Brno at Slavkoy. The city then fell under the rule of the Austrian Hapsburg emperors, and the famous Spilberk Castle became a notorious prison. The monk and geneticist Gregor Mendel lived and worked at the monastery at Brno. The Gothic church of that monastery survives, as do many other old buildings in the old town. Brno today is an educational and industrial center, known for its international trade fairs. It is famed as the lifetime home of the Czech composer Leos Janacek. The 2003 estimated population was 376,400.

Names:
Brno (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Brno (Czech-P,U,N)
Brünn (C,V,German-P,U,N)
Brann (C,V)
Brno-Malomerice (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Czech Republic (nation)  ........  Czech Republic (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Jihomoravský Kraj (region (administrative division))  ............  Jihomoravský Kraj (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Brno (inhabited place)  ................  Brno (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  city incorporated 1243; settled earlier
city (C)
regional capital (C)
industrial center (C)
educational center (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Brann..........  [VP]
..............  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Brno..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
...........  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 535
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 4
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Brno-Malomerice..........  [VP]
.............................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Brünn..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 535
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 34
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 535; VI, 535
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 34
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 4
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 3 Dec. 2003
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 3 Dec. 2003

 

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