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ID: 7011723
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7011723

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Plzeň (inhabited place)  Plzeň (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 49 45 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 49.7500  decimal degrees
Long: 013 25 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 13.4167  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Plzeň is situated in fertile Plzeň basin in Západočeský region, of which it is the capital city, in the Czech Republic. It lies along the old trade route between Prague and Bavaria, and its existence was first recorded in the 10th century. It. was chartered in 1292 and fortified by King Wenceslaus II in 1295. It served as a stronghold for the Roman Catholic Church during 1the 5th-century Hussite Wars. Though heavily damaged in World War II, it still retains many historic structures, including its medieval town square with St. Bartholomew's Church, the Franciscan Church of the Virgin Mary, and its Renaissance town hall and burger houses. The modern city is known for the long-operating Škoda Steel Works, in production since the late 19th century, producing heavy machinery, aircraft, locomotives, and cars. In addition, the city has been known for its Pilsner beer since medieval times. Its 2003 estimated population was 164,900.

Names:
Plzeň (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Plzeň (Czech-P,U,N)
Pilsen (C,O,German-P,U,N)
Pilsna (H,V)
Pilona (H,V)
Pilonum (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Czech Republic (nation)  ........  Czech Republic (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Plzeňský Kraj (region (administrative division))  ............  Plzeňský Kraj (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Plzeň (inhabited place)  ................  Plzeň (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first recorded 10th century
city (C)
regional capital (C)
industrial center (C)
transportation center (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Pilona..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 275
Pilonum..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 275
Pilsen..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-135
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 353
Pilsna..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 275
Plzeň..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
..............  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 9:533
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 5
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 533; 9:533
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 275
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-135
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 5
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 353
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 15 December 2003

 

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