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ID: 7010786
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Aix-en-Provence (inhabited place)  Aix-en-Provence (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 43 31 43 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 43.5287  decimal degrees
Long: 005 26 56 E  degrees minutes   Long: 5.4488  decimal degrees

Note: City lying on the plain one mile from the right bank of the Arc River; it is on the crossroads of main routes to Italy and the Alps. It was founded as military colony by Roman proconsul Sextius Calvinus ca. 123 BCE. It was the site of defeat of Teutones by Marius in 102 BCE at the Battle of Aix. It was the main city of eastern Narbonensis in the 4th century CE. Aix-en-Provence was taken by Visigoths in 477, by Saracens in 731; it was also plundered by the Franks, Lombards, and finally Muslim invaders from Spain. Aix-en-Provence flourished in the Middle Ages as a center of learning and of the arts; its university, now the Universities of Aix-Marseille, was founded in 1409. It has been a part of France since 1487. It is an agricultural center and is espeically noted for its Provençal olives and almonds. Paul Cézanne's atelier is preserved as one of several city museums. The city serves mainly as a residential suburb of Marseille.

Names:
Aix-en-Provence (preferred,C,V)
Aix (C,V)
Aquae Sextiae (H,O)  ............ ancient Roman
Aquae Sextiae Salluviorum (H,O)  ............ ancient Roman

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of France (nation)  ........  France (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (region (administrative division))  ............  Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Aix-en-Provence (inhabited place)  ................  Aix-en-Provence (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of France (nation)  ........  France (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Provence (historical region)  ............  Provence (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Aix-en-Provence (inhabited place)  ................  Aix-en-Provence (inhabited place)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Gaul (historical region)  ........  Gaul (historical region) (P)
Hierarchy of Gallia Narbonensis (province)  ............  Gallia Narbonensis (province) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Aix-en-Provence (inhabited place)  ................  Aix-en-Provence (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded ca. 123 BCE
city (C)
suburb (C)
tourist center (C)
agricultural center (C)
educational center (C)
capital (H)  ............  of Provence, during the Middle Ages
military center (H)
archiepiscopal see (H)
camp (H)  ............  began as a Roman entrenched camp

Sources and Contributors:
Aix..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Aix-en-Provence..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.............................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 181
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.............................  Times Atlas of the World (1985)
.............................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 8
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 17
Aquae Sextiae..........  [VP]
..........................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 27 October 2004
..........................  MacKendrick, Roman France (1971) 253
..........................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 86
Aquae Sextiae Salluviorum..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
............................................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 9537
............................................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 181
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 27 October 2004
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 9537
..................  MacKendrick, Roman France (1971) 253
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1406939
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 8
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 86
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 17
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 27 October 2004

 

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