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ID: 7010166
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7010166

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Kaluga (inhabited place)  Kaluga (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 54 31 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 54.5167  decimal degrees
Long: 036 16 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 36.2667  decimal degrees

Note: Founded as stronghold against the Tatars on S border of Muscovy; devastated by Cossacks in early 17th cen., fire & plague; held by Nazis during winter of 1941; industries include turbines, railway equipment & foodstuffs.

Names:
Kaluga (preferred,C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Russia (nation)  ........  Russia (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Kaluzhskaya Oblast' (oblast)  ............  Kaluzhskaya Oblast' (oblast) (P)
Hierarchy of Kaluga (inhabited place)  ................  Kaluga (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded as a Muscovite outpost in 1389
city (C)
regional capital (C)
industrial center (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Kaluga..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 457
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 699
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 95
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 457
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 699
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 95
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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