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ID: 7009962
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7009962

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Turku (inhabited place)  Turku (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 60 27 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 60.4500  decimal degrees
Long: 022 15 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 22.2500  decimal degrees

Note: Located at the mouth of the Aurajoki (river); noted as the nation's oldest city & cradle of Finnish culture; originally established as a trading center a few miles N of present site; was seat of first bishop of Finland in 1220; destroyed by fire in 1827.

Names:
Turku (preferred,C,V)
Åbo (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Finland (nation)  ........  Finland (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Varsinais-Suomi (region (administrative division))  ............  Varsinais-Suomi (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Turku (inhabited place)  ................  Turku (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled early, moved S to present location in 13th cen., chartered in 1525
city (C)
port (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  established in 1220
provincial capital (H)  ............  of the former province of Turku-Pori until 1998

Sources and Contributors:
Åbo..........  [BHA, VP]
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 6
Turku..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 854
..............  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 63
..............  Nagel's: Scandinavia (1968)
..............  Reclams: Finnland (1985) 255
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 203
..............  USBGN Bulletin 16 (1998) 3
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 854
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 63
..................  Nagel's: Scandinavia (1968)
..................  Reclams: Finnland (1985) 255
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 203; 6
..................  USBGN Bulletin 16 (1998) 3
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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