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ID: 7009120
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7009120

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of León (inhabited place)  León (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 42 36 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 42.6000  decimal degrees
Long: 005 34 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -5.5667  decimal degrees

Note: León derives its name from the Roman Legio Septima (seventh legion), established here by Augustus to protect the plains from the Asturian highlanders. During Medieval times, León had the most churches and monasteries in all of the Iberian Peninsula. It was one of the pilgrimage sites on route to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, home of the shrine dedicated to Saint James, the patron saint of Spain. Various pilgrimage routes in the autonomous communities of Aragon, Navarre, and Castilla y León correspond to old Roman roads built in the northern portion of the Iberian Peninsula. The following historic sites are located in León: the Cathedral of Santa María de la Regla; Collegiate Church of San Isidro; Church of San Salvador de Palaz de Rey; Church of Santa María del Mercado; Collegiate Church of Augustinian Friars; Church and Hospice of San Marcelo; Monastery of San Marcos; Church of San Lorenzo; Church of San Salvador del Nido; Convent of Benedictine Nuns of Carvajal; Church of Santa Ana; Hospital and Hermitage of San Lázaro; Hospital of Jerusalem or Santo Sepulcro; Hospital of San Miguel; and the Hospital of San Juan.

Names:
León (preferred,C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Spain (nation)  ........  Spain (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Castilla y León (autonomous community)  ............  Castilla y León (autonomous community) (P)
Hierarchy of León (province)  ................  León (province) (P)
Hierarchy of León (inhabited place)  ....................  León (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was an ancient center
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
capital (H)  ............  of kingdom of Asturias & León, 10th cen.

Sources and Contributors:
León..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
...........  Blue Guide: Spain (1980) 144
...........  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 278
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 111
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Blue Guide: Spain (1980) 144
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 278
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -389068
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 111
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Shaver-Crandell and Gerson, Pilgrim's Guide to Santiago de Compostela (1995) 213-220

 

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