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ID: 7008441
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7008441

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Toulouse (inhabited place)  Toulouse (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 43 35 58 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 43.5995  decimal degrees
Long: 001 25 59 E  degrees minutes   Long: 1.4332  decimal degrees

Note: Toulouse was one of the pilgrimage sites on route to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela; French pilgrimage routes to Compostela tend to follow old Roman roads, many of which continued to be utilized as primary roads of communication during the Middle Ages. It is a prehistoric route, taken over by Romans in 106 BCE and then captured by Clovis in 508. Toulouse resisted the crusade against the "Albigensian heresy" in the early 13th century. It received parlement 1443 and was a witness to the Protestant massacre of 1562 and the scene of the British victory over the French in 1814. Between 1942 and 1944 it was occupied by Nazi rule. There are a number of noteworthy art museum here.

Names:
Toulouse (preferred,C,V)
Tolosa (H,O)  ............ ancient Roman name

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of France (nation)  ........  France (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Occitanie (region (administrative division))  ............  Occitanie (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Toulouse (inhabited place)  ................  Toulouse (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Gaul (historical region)  ........  Gaul (historical region) (P)
Hierarchy of Gallia Narbonensis (province)  ............  Gallia Narbonensis (province) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Toulouse (inhabited place)  ................  Toulouse (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded 4th century BCE
city (C)
department capital (C)
port (C)
industrial center (C)
educational center (C)
commercial center (C)  ............  due to its strategic position, with routes converging from north and south, it acts as a trading center between the Mediterranean and the Aquitaine Basin
cultural center (C)
capital (B)  ............  of Visigoths in the 5th century CE; current capital of Haute-Garonne département
countship (H)  ............  founded 778, as capital of major feudal dynasty
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Tolosa..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 9517
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 928
Toulouse..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 942
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Michel: Dictionnaire des Communes (1984)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 200
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1223
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 942
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 9517
..................  Michel: Dictionnaire des Communes (1984)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1473166
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 928
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 200
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1223
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Shaver-Crandell and Gerson, Pilgrim's Guide to Santiago de Compostela (1995) 357

 

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