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ID: 7008202
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7008202

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Clermont-Ferrand (inhabited place)  Clermont-Ferrand (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 45 46 47 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 45.7797  decimal degrees
Long: 003 05 11 E  degrees minutes   Long: 3.0863  decimal degrees

Note: It began as a Roman settlement, and was the capital of the Arverni tribe, the original holders of the Auvergne region. Clermont was an important medieval ecclesiastical center from which Pope Urban II preached the First Crusade in 1095. It was the capital of the French duchy of Auvergne from 1556. The city in its present configuration and name was created in 1731 by the union of Clermont and Montferrand. IT sits on the Tretaine River, surrounded on three sides by mountains. In modern France it is the capital of the department of Puy-de-Dôme. It is a university town, and also a tourist and commercial center.

Names:
Clermont-Ferrand (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Clermont-Ferrand ()
Clermont (C,V)
Augustonemetum (H,O)
Arvernis (H,V)
Augusta Arvernorum (H,V)
Civitas Arvernorum (H,V)
Montferrand (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of France (nation)  ........  France (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (region (administrative division))  ............  Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Clermont-Ferrand (inhabited place)  ................  Clermont-Ferrand (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Auvergne (historical region)  ........  Auvergne (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Clermont-Ferrand (inhabited place)  ............  Clermont-Ferrand (inhabited place)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Gaul (historical region)  ........  Gaul (historical region) (P)
Hierarchy of Gallia Aquitania (province)  ............  Gallia Aquitania (province) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Clermont-Ferrand (inhabited place)  ................  Clermont-Ferrand (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was ancient site; modern city was formed by merger of Clermont and Montferrand in 1731
city (C)
commercial center (C)
manufacturing center (C)
university center (C)
episcopal see (C)
historic site (C)  ............  was site of a Celtic monastic settlement in 7th century
monastic center (H)
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Arvernis..........  [VP]
.................  Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire (2016-) accessed 1 December 2017
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 337
Augusta Arvernorum..........  [VP]
...................................  Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire (2016-) accessed 1 December 2017
Augustonemetum..........  [VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 191
.............................  Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire (2016-) accessed 1 December 2017
Civitas Arvernorum..........  [VP]
...................................  Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire (2016-) accessed 1 December 2017
Clermont..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 191
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Clermont-Ferrand..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.............................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.............................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 47
.............................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 271
Montferrand..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 191
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 191
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1452816; -1420711
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 47
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 337
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 271
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) vol. 3

 

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