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ID: 7007593
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7007593

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Bełżec (inhabited place)  Bełżec (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 21 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.3500  decimal degrees
Long: 023 28 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 23.4667  decimal degrees

Note: Small town infamous as the location of a Nazi concentration camp. In 1940, the Nazis first established a forced labor camp at Bełżec, where hundreds died due to starvation and disease. The labor camp closed in late 1940, and by 1942, the Nazis had established a concentration camp on the same grounds. Along with Treblinka and Sobibór, the camp at Bełżec was part of the Nazi plan to eliminate the Jewish population of Poland, and from 1942 to 1943, nearly half a million Jews were gassed at Bełżec, as well as an undetermined number of Poles and Roma (Gypsies). Mass graves were exhumed by forced Jewish laborers and the remains cremated, and the camp was demolished by late Spring of 1943. The Germans then disguised the area with a manor house and farm. Soviet forces overran the area in July 1944.

Names:
Bełżec (preferred,C,V)
Belzec (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Poland (nation)  ........  Poland (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Lubelskie (voivodeship)  ............  Lubelskie (voivodeship) (P)
Hierarchy of Bełżec (inhabited place)  ................  Bełżec (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)
concentration camp site (H)  ............  1941-1943

Sources and Contributors:
Bełżec..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 3 June 2008
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 25
Belzec..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 3 June 2008
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 338
.................  United States Holocaust Memorial Museum [online] (2008-) accessed 3 June 2008
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 3 June 2008
..................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 3 June 2008
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 25
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 338
..................  United States Holocaust Memorial Museum [online] (2008-) accessed 3 June 2008
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 3 June 2008
..........  United States Holocaust Memorial Museum [online] (2008-) accessed 3 June 2008

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust