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ID: 7006862
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7006862

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Maastricht (inhabited place)  Maastricht (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 51 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.8500  decimal degrees
Long: 005 41 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 5.6833  decimal degrees

Note: Located along the Maas (Meuse) River at the junction of several canals. It was settled by the Romans and was the seat of a bishop from 382-721. It was held by the dukes of Brabant in 1204, then was under the joint sovereignty of Brabant and prince-bishops of Li├Ęge (1284). From the 13th to the15th century, it flourished due to the expanding cloth industry. It is noted for its cathedral, founded in the 6th century.

Names:
Maastricht (preferred,C,V,Dutch,U,N)
Maestricht (C,O,Dutch,U)
Mosae Trajectum (H,V,Latin,U,N)
Trajectum ad Mosam (H,V,Latin,U,N)  ............ Roman, meaning "ford on the Maas river"

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Netherlands (nation)  ........  Netherlands (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Limburg (province)  ............  Limburg (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Maastricht (inhabited place)  ................  Maastricht (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  later settlement was founded on the site of a Roman town
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  for steel, chemicals, cement, paper, glass, pottery & cigars
market center (C)  ............  for grain & butter
episcopal see (H)
battlefield (H)  ............  due to its strategic location on the Belgian frontier, city has often been the site of battles in various wars 16th-20th cen.
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Maastricht..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 543
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 599
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 117
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Maestricht..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Mosae Trajectum..........  [VP]
.............................  Reuters, Musketeers' Skeletons, CNN (2004)
Trajectum ad Mosam..........  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 599
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 543
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 599
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2149006
..................  Reuters, Musketeers' Skeletons, CNN (2004)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 117
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Phaidon Art Guide: Holland (1987) 161

 

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