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ID: 7006679
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7006679

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Limerick (inhabited place)  Limerick (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 52 39 53 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 52.6647  decimal degrees
Long: 008 37 23 W  degrees minutes   Long: -8.6231  decimal degrees

Note: The port of Limerick is the largest town and county seat of County Limerick in southwestern Ireland, located on King's Island and both river sides at the mouth of the River Shannon. The early settlement was taken over by the Norse in 812, who made it the capital of their kingdom. Native Irish under Brian Boru ousted the Norse and it remained in Irish hands until the early 13th century, when King John granted it to an Anglo-Norman noble who founded English Town in the settlement and built fortifications. In the 15th century, fortifications were erected around the entire town, comprised of English Town on the old center of King's Island, and Irish Town on the bank of the Shannon. In 1691, William III of Great Britain conquered it. A third sector, Newtown Perry, was established in 1769 on the bank opposite to Irish Town; the three sectors are linked by bridges. Limerick has a protestant Cathedral, built from 1142 to 1180, and a modern Roman Catholic Cathedral designed in Early Pointed style. It was made a county borough in 1888. Industries include flour milling, bacon curing, dairy products, and the Shannon salmon fishery. The 2003 estimated population was 84,900.

Names:
Limerick (preferred,C,V)
Luimneach (C,V,Irish Gaelic,U,N)
Limerick City (C,V)
Cathair Luimnigh (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Ireland (nation)  ........  Ireland (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Limerick (county)  ............  Limerick (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Limerick (inhabited place)  ................  Limerick (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  since 9th cen.
city (C)  ............  chartered in 1609
port (C)
town (H)  ............  of Norse kingdom from 812 until disbanded in 10th cen.
capital (H)  ............  of Kings of Thomond from 1106-1174
first level subdivision (C)
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Cathair Luimnigh..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 28 April 2014
Limerick..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Blue Guide: Ireland (1979) 199-202, 244
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 521
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 361
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 28 April 2014
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 113
Limerick City..........  [VP]
..........................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 28 April 2014
Luimneach..........  [VP]
....................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 28 April 2014
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-102
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Blue Guide: Ireland (1979) 199-202, 244
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 521
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 361
..................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 28 April 2014
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1504189
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-102
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 113
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 21 Oct. 2003

 

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