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ID: 7006538
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7006538

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Kaunas (inhabited place)  Kaunas (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 54 52 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 54.8667  decimal degrees
Long: 023 55 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 23.9167  decimal degrees

Note: Located at head of navigation on Neman river; founded as a fortress in 11th cen.; was thriving medieval town by 14th cen., though it was often attacked by Teutonic Knights; Knights were defeated in 1410, & town grew; damaged by Napoleon & again in WW II.

Names:
Kaunas (preferred,C,V)
Kauen (C,O)
Kowno (C,O)
Kovno (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Lithuania (nation)  ........  Lithuania (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Kaunas (municipality)  ............  Kaunas (municipality) (P)
Hierarchy of Kaunas (inhabited place)  ................  Kaunas (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was a fortress in 1030, town founded in 1317, chartered in 1408
city (C)
district capital (C)
port (C)
river settlement (C)
industrial center (C)
power production center (C)
transportation center (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Kauen..........  [VP]
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 468
Kaunas..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 645
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 766-767
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 97
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Kovno..........  [BHA, VP]
..............  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 347
Kowno..........  [VP]
..............  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 347
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 645
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 468
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 766-767
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 97
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 347
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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