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ID: 7006076
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7006076

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Lucca (inhabited place)  Lucca (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 43 50 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 43.8333  decimal degrees
Long: 010 13 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 10.2167  decimal degrees

Elevation:
62.335  feet    19.0000  meters

Note: Located in Serchio river valley, near the Ligurian Sea. Was settled by Ligurians and was later an Etruscan center; Romans probably established colony here in 180 BCE. It was ruled by Goths from CE 476, Byzantines, Lombards & Franks from 774. Lucca was an independent republic from 1118 until Napoleon I made it a principality in 1805. In 1817 it became part of the duchy of Parma and in 1847 part of the grand duchy of Tuscany. Lucca was annexed to the kingdom of Sardinia in 1860.

Names:
Lucca (preferred,C,V,Italian,U,N)
Lucques (C,V,French,U,N)
Luca (H,V,S)  ............ ancient name
Lucchese (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Tuscany (region (administrative division))  ............  Tuscany (region (administrative division)) (P,C) part of new kingdom of Italy from 1861
Hierarchy of Lucca (province)  ................  Lucca (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Lucca (inhabited place)  ....................  Lucca (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  established by Ligurians, then was an Etruscan town
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
transportation center (C)  ............  has long been at junction of roads to Parma, Florence, Rome, Pisa & Luni; today is also a rail center
market center (C)  ............  for surrounding rich agricultural area, especially noted for high-quality olive oil
manufacturing center (C)  ............  famed production of silk, flour, tobacco, paper, textiles & wine
power production center (C)  ............  using Serchio river
archiepiscopal see (C)
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for palaces, medieval churches & art museums; was home of composers Luigi Boccherini & Giacomo Puccini
archaeological site (C)  ............  noted for remains of Roman walls, forum & amphitheater; city retains rectangular Roman city plan
commercial center (C)  ............  most important in Tuscany 9th-10th cen., later was surpassed by Florence
noble seat (H)  ............  of Lombard dukes & Frankish counts
Ancient Roman (H)
Etruscan (H)
Ligurian (H)

Sources and Contributors:
Luca..........  [VP]
...........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 535
Lucca..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
..............  Annuario Generale (1980)
..............  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 116
Lucchese..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)
Lucques..........  [VP]
.................  Fagnioni, Lucques, Techniques et architecture (1941)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Annuario Generale (1980)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 535
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Fagnioni, Lucques, Techniques et architecture (1941)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -120405
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 116
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Columbia Gazetteer (1998) 2; 1797

 

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