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ID: 7005951
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005951

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Chemnitz (inhabited place)  Chemnitz (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 50 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.8333  decimal degrees
Long: 012 55 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 12.9167  decimal degrees

Note: The eastern German city of Chemnitz is situated on the Chemnitz river on the north slope of the Ore Mountain range. It lies on the historically important salt route to Prague. It was chartered in 1143. In 1308 it was taken over by the Wettin family of Meissen. It was granted a textile-bleaching monopoly in 1357, which inspired a prosperous linen industry. In the 19th century machine construction began in Chemnitz, facilitated by the growing expansion of coal and lignite production in Saxony. It is noted for the creation of the first spinning wheel, the first machine tools, and the first locomotive in Germany. It was severely damaged in World War II, but was rebuilt. Historic structures include the 1496 town hall, the medieval Red Tower, and a former Benedictine monastery of 1136 with a Gothic hall church that is now a museum. Chemnitz is a center for education, having a college of education, a school of machine construction, and several technical schools. It is a transportation hub and an industrial center with both heavy and light industries, notably for a wide variety of textiles. The calculated population for 2005 was 246,654.

Names:
Chemnitz (preferred,C,V)  ............ not used from 1953-1990s
Karl-Marx-Stadt (H,V)  ............ name used from 1953 until 1990s

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Saxony (state)  ............  Saxony (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Chemnitz (inhabited place)  ................  Chemnitz (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was ancient Wendish trading center, chartered in 1143
city (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  for machine-construction, stimulated by coal mining in 19th century; also produces textiles, chemicals and automobiles
transportation center (C)
trade center (C)  ............  in saltand linen from early times
educational center (C)
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for museum and opera house

Sources and Contributors:
Chemnitz..........  [BHA, FDA, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:177
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 44
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 591-592
Karl-Marx-Stadt..........  [BHA, FDA, VP]
.............................  Balkow, Ortslexikon der DDR (1986)
.............................  Brockhaus, Deutsche Kunst (1916)
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 743
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.............................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, VP]
..................  Balkow, Ortslexikon der DDR (1986)
..................  Brockhaus, Deutsche Kunst (1916)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:177
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 743
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1756500
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 44
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 591-592
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Chemnitz." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9001525&query=Chemnitz&ct=eb (19 Jan. 2005)
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) (19 Jan. 2005)

 

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