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ID: 7005938
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005938

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Gotha (inhabited place)  Gotha (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 57 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.9500  decimal degrees
Long: 010 43 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 10.7167  decimal degrees

Note: Located on edge of Thuringian forest; established as Frankish villa; joined with adjacent abbey of Hersfeld in 8th cen.; ruled by landgraves of Thuringia, then by house of Wettin from 13th cen.; noted for publication of historic book, Alamanach de Gotha.

Names:
Gotha (preferred,C,V)
Gotaha (H,V)  ............ name documented in 775, used for Frankish villa on site

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Thuringia (state)  ............  Thuringia (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Gotha (inhabited place)  ................  Gotha (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Thuringia (historical region)  ........  Thuringia (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Gotha (inhabited place)  ............  Gotha (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  grew up around Frankish villa first documented in 775, fortified in 930, chartered in 1189
city (C)
manufacturing center (C)
scientific center (C)  ............  has long been known for geographical research
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for extensive art, historical & geographical collections in ducal palace, & for theater, established in 1683
commercial center (H)  ............  before WW II, noted for publishing house of Hermann Haack (Justus Perthes), founded 1785, & insurance companies
ducal residence (H)  ............  of dukes of Saxony-Gotha, 1640-1825; of dukes of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 1826-1918
political center (H)  ............  especially noted as site of congress that formed Socialist Labor Party of Germany & "Gotha Program," criticized by Karl Marx

Sources and Contributors:
Gotaha..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 382
Gotha..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
..............  Balkow, Ortslexikon der DDR (1986)
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 343
..............  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1994)
..............  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 452
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Balkow, Ortslexikon der DDR (1986)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 343
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 382
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1777951
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994)
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 452
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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