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ID: 7005179
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005179

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Mannheim (inhabited place)  Mannheim (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 49 29 18 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 49.4883  decimal degrees
Long: 008 27 53 E  degrees minutes   Long: 8.4647  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Mannheim is located on the east bank of the Rhine River, opposite Ludwigshafen at the confluence of the Neckar River and the Rhine in southwestern Germany. First mentioned as a village in 764, it was expanded and fortified by the Elector Frederick IV in 1606. It was heavily damaged and rebuilt in the Thirty Years' War and in the prelude to the War of the Grand Alliance in the 17th century. The Electors of Palatine moved their residence there in 1720, and built many structures in the Baroque style, notably the Jesuit Church, the castle, the town hall, and the pilgrimage church. The city became a center of high culture in the 18th century, which it has remained to this day, famous for its music, art museum, and Germany's National Theater. Destroyed again in 1795, it was once more rebuilt and was a center of revolutionary activity in 1848-1849. A harbor constructed there on the Rhine in 1834 encouraged economic and industrial activity. The city was heavily damaged again in World War II, but most of its principal historic buildings have been restored. Its principal manufactures include textiles, chemicals, fertilizer, and food products, and coal and iron are traded through its river harbor. The 2004 population estimate was 309,600.

Names:
Mannheim (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Mannheim (German-P,U,N)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Baden-Württemberg (state)  ............  Baden-Württemberg (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Mannheim (inhabited place)  ................  Mannheim (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first documented in 764, chartered and laid out in a grid pattern in 1606-1607
city (C)
inland port (C)  ............  harbor constructed in 1834
industrial center (C)  ............  industrialized by 1900; noted for production of first two-stroke automotive engine by C Benz in 1879, and other products
cultural center (C)  ............  famed for school of conductors, violinists, and composers, art galleries, and theater, home to Mozart in 1777 and playwright Schiller
noble seat (H)  ............  Palatine electors moved here in 1720; court moved to München in 1778

Sources and Contributors:
Mannheim..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 564
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 785
.................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 119
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 724
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 564
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 785
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Mannheim (Germany) NAF79142598, accessed 11 Feb. 2004
..................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1822951
..................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 119
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 724
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 11 Feb. 2004

 

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