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ID: 7005060
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005060

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Pistoia (inhabited place)  Pistoia (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 43 55 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 43.9167  decimal degrees
Long: 010 54 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 10.9000  decimal degrees

Note: Located on Ombrone river; noted as site of death of Roman demagogue Catiline in battle of 63 BCE; important early Christian center; flourished as prosperous, free commune from the 11th century; became important banking center; held by Florence from the 14th century. A series of wars was fought from the mid-13th century through the early 14th century between Guelf-controlled Florence and allies (Montepulciano, Bologna, and Orvieto) and their Ghibelline opponents (Pisa, Siena, Pistoia, and Arezzo).

Names:
Pistoia (preferred,C,V)
Pistola (C,V)
Pistoria (H,V)  ............ Roman name
Pistoriae (H,V)  ............ ancient name

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Tuscany (region (administrative division))  ............  Tuscany (region (administrative division)) (P,C) part of new kingdom of Italy from 1861
Hierarchy of Pistoia (province)  ................  Pistoia (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Pistoia (inhabited place)  ....................  Pistoia (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was a very early site; had Gallic, Ligurian, Etruscan & Roman settlements
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
manufacturing center (C)  ............  includes shoemaking, tanning, ironworking, & glass- & lace-making; probably produced pistols (named after town) in 15th cen.
transportation center (C)
educational center (C)  ............  has several training institutions
episcopal see (C)  ............  established in 5th cen.; was site of famous Jansenist episcopal synod opposing devotion to Sacred Heart of Jesus in 1786
cultural center (C)  ............  since medieval period, noted for architecture, sculpture & painting

Related geographic places:
ally of ....  Arezzo .......... (inhabited place)
............  (World, Europe, Italy, Tuscany, Arezzo province) [7006072]
............  Ghibelline allies during the 13th and 14th centuries
ally of ....  Pisa .......... (inhabited place)
............  (World, Europe, Italy, Tuscany, Pisa province) [7006082]
............  Ghibelline allies during the 13th and 14th centuries
ally of ....  Siena .......... (inhabited place)
............  (World, Europe, Italy, Tuscany, Siena province) [7011179]
............  Ghibelline allies during the 13th and 14th centuries

Sources and Contributors:
Pistoia..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Annuario Generale (1980)
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 739
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Pistola..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Pistoria..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 473
.................  TCI: Toscana (1984) 270
Pistoriae..........  [VP]
....................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 353
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Annuario Generale (1980)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 739
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 473
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 26 Sep 2002
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -124951
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  TCI: Toscana (1984) 270
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 353
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 26 Sep 2002

 

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