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ID: 7004942
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Parma (inhabited place)  Parma (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 44 48 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 44.8000  decimal degrees
Long: 010 20 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 10.3333  decimal degrees

Note: Flourished as Roman center along Via Aemelia; was an early seat of bishop; destroyed by Ostrogoth king Theoderic; ruled by bishops from 9th cen.; torn by Guelph-Ghibelline strife 14th cen.; part of duchy of Parma & Piacenza from 1545; damaged in WW II.

Names:
Parma (preferred,C,V)
Colonia Julia Augusta (H,V)
Colonia Julia Augusta Parmensis (H,V)  ............ ancient

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Emilia-Romagna (region (administrative division))  ............  Emilia-Romagna (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Parma (province)  ................  Parma (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Parma (inhabited place)  ....................  Parma (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded by Romans in 183 BC on site of earlier Etruscan & Celtic settlements
town (C)
provincial capital (C)
transportation center (C)  ............  crucial hub for road traffic from ancient times, now is also a rail junction
agricultural center (C)  ............  for surrounding district, especially famed for Parmesan cheese
manufacturing center (C)  ............  produces machinery, pharmaceuticals, alcohol, fertilizer & shoes
university center (C)  ............  founded in 11th cen., reorganized in 1601 by Ranuccio I Farnese
episcopal see (C)  ............  founded in 4th cen., current cathedral dates to 11th cen.
cultural center (C)  ............  famed for architecture, art galleries & library; was home to artists Correggio & Parmigianino & to music conductor Toscanini
ducal residence (C)  ............  of Farnese family, current Palazzo della Pilotta was begun in 1583

Sources and Contributors:
Colonia Julia Augusta..........  [VP]
......................................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Colonia Julia Augusta Parmensis..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.....................................................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8294
.....................................................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Parma..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
..............  Annuario Generale (1980)
..............  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..............  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 147
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Annuario Generale (1980)
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8294
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -123999
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 147
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust