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ID: 7003934
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7003934

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Cluj-Napoca (inhabited place)  Cluj-Napoca (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 46 47 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 46.7833  decimal degrees
Long: 023 37 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 23.6167  decimal degrees

Note: Site of ancient Dacian settlement; was a Roman municipium; was thriving commercial center in Middle Ages; was declared a free town in 1405; noted as site of large Gothic church of St. Michael, constructed 1321-1444.

Names:
Cluj-Napoca (preferred,C,V)  ............ adjacent towns of Cluj & Napoca merged in 1970s
Cluj (H,V)  ............ probably named after small fortress called "Castrum Clus," used from 15th cen.
Napoca (H,V)  ............ name of Dacian settlement, name was used until 1970s, when it merged with adjacent Cluj
Klausenburg (H,O)
Kolozsvár (H,O)
Kloyznburg (H,O)  ............ Yiddish name
Culus (H,V)  ............ used in medieval period, first documented in 1173
Claudipoli (H,V)  ............ ancient name

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Romania (nation)  ........  Romania (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Cluj (county)  ............  Cluj (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Cluj-Napoca (inhabited place)  ................  Cluj-Napoca (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  area was settled by ancient Dacians; two modern cities on the site merged in 1970s
city (C)
county seat (C)
capital (H)  ............  of Transylvania, from 16th cen.
municipium (H)

Sources and Contributors:
Claudipoli..........  [VP]
.......................  Magocsi, Central Europe (1993)
Cluj..........  [VP]
...........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 191
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 403
Cluj-Napoca..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 403
.......................  Nagel's: Rumania (1968)
.......................  Reisgidsen: Roemenie (1968)
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 47
.......................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Culus..........  [VP]
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 403
Klausenburg..........  [BHA, VP]
.......................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-88
Kloyznburg..........  [VP]
.......................  Magocsi, Central Europe (1993)
Kolozsv├ír..........  [BHA, VP]
....................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-89
Napoca..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 403
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 191
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 403
..................  Magocsi, Central Europe (1993)
..................  Nagel's: Rumania (1968)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-88; I-89
..................  Reisgidsen: Roemenie (1968)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 47
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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