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ID: 7002482
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7002482

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Baghdad (inhabited place)  Baghdad (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 33 21 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 33.3500  decimal degrees
Long: 044 25 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 44.4167  decimal degrees

Note: The city was sacked by Muslim Arabs 634 CE. It rose to importance as a religious, trade, and cultural center on the Silk Road in the 8th century. It was nearly destroyed by Mongols in 1258, and conquered by Tamerlane in 1401. It was taken by Suleiman the Magnificent in 1534, became part of the Ottoman Empire 1638. Later, it was taken by the British in 1917.

Names:
Baghdād (preferred,C,V)
Baghdad (C,V,English-P,U,N)
Bagdad (C,V)
Beghdad (C,V)
بغداد (C,V,Arabic,U)
بەغداد (C,V,Arabic,U)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iraq (nation)  ........  Iraq (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Baghdād (governorate)  ............  Baghdād (governorate) (P)
Hierarchy of Baghdad (inhabited place)  ................  Baghdad (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled since ancient times
city (C)
national capital (C)  ............  since 1921
regional capital (C)
commercial center (C)
transportation center (C)
educational center (C)
capital (H)  ............  of Abbasside caliphate, 762-1258
trade center (H)  ............  second only to Constantinople, 760s-850s
religious center (H)  ............  of Islam under Caliph al-Mamun, 813-833
archiepiscopal see (H)  ............  13th cen.-16th cen.

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Iraq .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Asia) [1000118]
located on ....  Silk Road .......... (road)
..................  (World) [7031416]
near/adjacent to ....  Nehardea .......... (deserted settlement)
..............................  (World, Asia, Iraq, Baghdād) [6004159]

Sources and Contributors:
بغداد..........  [VP]
..............  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 23 February 2016
بەغداد..........  [VP]
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 23 February 2016
Bagdad..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Baghdād..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 23 February 2016
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 106
Baghdad..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 72
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 23 February 2016
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Beghdad..........  [VP]
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 23 February 2016
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 72
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 106
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
..........  UNESCO: Silk Road (2016-) accessed 23 February 2016

 

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