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ID: 7002261
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7002261

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Damascus (inhabited place)  Damascus (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 33 30 45 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 33.5120  decimal degrees
Long: 036 16 41 E  degrees minutes   Long: 36.2780  decimal degrees

Elevation:
2230.971  feet    680.0000  meters

Note: One of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world; was ruled by Egyptians and Hittites until became independent Aramaean kingdom 1000-732 BCE; prominent in Hebrew history; included in many kingdoms until 661 CE; part of the ancient Silk Road; attacked during Crusades; occupied by British and Arabs 1918.

Names:
Dimashq (preferred,C,V)
Ash Sham (C,V)
Ash Shām (C,V)
Esh-Sham (C,V)
Esh Shām (C,V)
Esh Sham (C,V)
Damas (C,O)
Dimash (C,O)
Damaskus (C,O)
Damascus (C,O,S,English-P,U,N)
Damasco (C,O)
دمشق (C,V,Arabic,U)
Madīnat al-Yāsmīn (C,V,P,Arabic (transliterated),U)
مدينة الياسمين‎ (C,V,P,Arabic,U)
Demetrias (H,V)
Darmeseq (H,V)
Cammeseq (H,V)
Dimeshq (H,V)
Dimašqa (H,V,Akkadian,U)
T-ms-ḳw (C,V,Ancient Egyptian (transliterated),U)
Dammaśq (C,V,Aramaic (transliterated),U)
דמשק (C,V,Aramaic,U)
Dammeśeq (C,V,Ancient Hebrew (transliterated),U)
Darmeśeq (C,V)
דרמשק (C,V)  ............ Qumranic
Darmsûq (C,V)
ܕܪܡܣܘܩ (C,V,Syriac,U)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Syria (nation)  ........  Syria (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Dimashq (governorate)  ............  Dimashq (governorate) (P)
Hierarchy of Damascus (inhabited place)  ................  Damascus (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled since 3000 BCE
city (C)
national capital (C)
regional capital (C)
industrial center (C)
commercial center (C)
transportation center (C)
educational center (C)
historic site (C)
trade center (H)  ............  1600 BCE-1500 CE
capital (H)  ............  of Islamic Empire, 661-750 CE
archiepiscopal see (H)  ............  300-1500

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Syria .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Asia) [1000140]
capital of ....  Umayyad Caliphate .......... (former nation/state/empire)
..................  (World) [8711885]
located on ....  Silk Road .......... (road)
..................  (World) [7031416]

Sources and Contributors:
دمشق..........  [VP]
...........  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 30 April 2014
مدينة الياسمين‎..........  [VP]
.............................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
דמשק..........  [VP]
...........  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
דרמשק..........  [VP]
..............  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
ܕܪܡܣܘܩ..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Ash Sham..........  [VP]
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 341
Ash Shām..........  [VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 313
Cammeseq..........  [VP]
.................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Damas..........  [BHA, VP]
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 51
..............  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 341
Damasco..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Damascus..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 222-223
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Damaskus..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Dammaśq..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Dammeśeq..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Darmeśeq..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Darmeseq..........  [VP]
.................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Darmsûq..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Demetrias..........  [VP]
....................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 256-257
Dimašqa..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Dimash..........  [VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 313
Dimashq..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985) VI, 864
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 34
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 55
Dimeshq..........  [VP]
.................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Esh-Sham..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-85
Esh Shām..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Esh Sham..........  [VP]
.................  Parrot, Sumer (1961) table of sites
Madīnat al-Yāsmīn..........  [VP]
................................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
T-ms-ḳw..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 222-223
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985) VI, 864
..................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 30 April 2014
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 256-257
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-85
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 34
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 51; 55
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 341
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 313
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)
..........  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..........  Times Atlas of World History (1989)
..........  UNESCO: Silk Road (2016-) accessed 23 February 2016

 

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