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ID: 7002252
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7002252

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Aleppo (inhabited place)  Aleppo (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 36 12 03 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 36.2012  decimal degrees
Long: 037 09 39 E  degrees minutes   Long: 37.1612  decimal degrees

Note: Aleppo developed on a crossroads of caravan routes. It was taken by Hittites 2000 BCE, and was Assyrian from 853 BCE. It was taken by Muslims in 638 CE, and became a major site along the Silk Road. The city was recovered by the Greeks 969, and besieged by Crusaders in 1118, 1124. Later, it was sacked by Mongols in 1260, captured by Ottomans 1517, and eventually taken by British and Arabs in 1918.

Names:
Ḥalab (preferred,C,V)
Halab (C,V)
Haleb (C,V)
Halep (C,O)
Aleppo (C,V,S,English-P,U,N)
Alep (C,V)
Aleppe (C,V)
Berea (C,V)
Yamkhad (C,O)
Madīnat Ḩalab (C,V)
حلب (C,V)
Beroea (H,V)  ............ ancient, 306-280 BC
Halman (H,V)
Halapa (H,V)
Chalybon (H,V)
Khalepion (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Syria (nation)  ........  Syria (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Ḩalab (governorate)  ............  Ḩalab (governorate) (P)
Hierarchy of Aleppo (inhabited place)  ................  Aleppo (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was a very ancient center
city (C)
regional capital (C)
educational center (C)
historic site (C)
capital (H)  ............  of kingdom 2000 BC
principality (H)  ............  of Hittites until 853 BC
state (H)  ............  of French mandate, 1920
trade center (H)  ............  flourished in 16th cen.
market center (H)  ............  of Middle East, 16th cen.
episcopal see (H)

Related geographic places:
located on ....  Silk Road .......... (road)
..................  (World) [7031416]
near/adjacent to ....  Tell Mardikh .......... (deserted settlement)
..............................  (World, Asia, Syria, Ḩalab) [7002266]

Sources and Contributors:
حلب..........  [VP]
...........  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 23 February 2016
Alep..........  [VP]
...........  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-)
...........  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
...........  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 336
Aleppe..........  [VP]
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-)
Aleppo..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) 37SCA3468407837
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 29
Berea..........  [VP]
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984)
..............  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-)
Beroea..........  [VP]
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-)
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 338
Chalybon..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 90
Ḥalab..........  [VP Preferred]
..............  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-)
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 34
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 78
Halab..........  [VP]
..............  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 344
Halapa..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 91
Haleb..........  [VP]
..............  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-)
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 78
Halep..........  [VP]
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 237
Halman..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 20
Khalepion..........  [VP]
....................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-)
Madīnat Ḩalab..........  [VP]
..........................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-)
Yamkhad..........  [VP]
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 360
Subject: .....  [GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 20
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 237
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 90; 91
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 34
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 78
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 336; 338; 344; 360
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 29
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Times Atlas of World History (1989)

 

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