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ID: 7002157
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7002157

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Tehran (inhabited place)  Tehran (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 35 40 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 35.6667  decimal degrees
Long: 051 26 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 51.4333  decimal degrees

Note: Tehrān, the capital city of Îrān, is located on the southern slopes of the Elburz Mountains. South of Tehrān lay the ruins of its successor, the ancient city of Rayy, which was destroyed by the Mongols in 1220 CE. The remaining inhabitants of Rayy moved north to Tehrān, which may have been an early suburb from ca. 4th century CE. The city became prominent during the Qajar dynasty, and it was made the capital in 1788. Because of the oil and natural gas industry, Tehrān was rapidly modernized in the latter half of the 20th century.

Names:
Tehrān (preferred,C,V,display)
Teheran (C,V)
Tehran (C,V,English-P,U,N)  ............ from Old Persan, meaning "warm place"
Téhéran (C,V)
Tihrān (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Tehrān (province)  ............  Tehrān (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Tehran (inhabited place)  ................  Tehran (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  probably was village and suburb of ancient Rayy, population exploded with immigrants from Rayy in 13th century
city (C)
national capital (C)  ............  since 1788
provincial capital (C)
administrative center (C)
industrial center (C)
commercial center (C)
transportation center (C)
educational center (C)
royal residence (C)
archaeological site (C)
historical region (C)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Iran .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Asia) [7000231]

Sources and Contributors:
Teheran..........  [FDA, VP]
.................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 639
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 604
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Téhéran..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 712
Tehrān..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 11:604
.................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 192
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 546
Tehran..........  [FDA, VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 02/16/00
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Tihrān..........  [VP]
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 21 July 2003
Subject: .....  [FDA, VP]
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 639
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 712
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 604; 11:604
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 02/16/00
..................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 21 July 2003
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 192
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 546
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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