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ID: 7002148
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7002148

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Shīrāz (inhabited place)  Shīrāz (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 29 38 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 29.6333  decimal degrees
Long: 052 34 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 52.5667  decimal degrees

Note: The capital of Fārs province, located within the Zagros Mountains. After playing an important role during the Seleucid (312-175 BCE), Parthian (247 BCE- 224 CE), and Sāsānid (224-651 CE) dynasties, Arabs took over the region and established a military base at Shīrāz, which then became a flourishing regional center. Further Arab dynasties built palaces, gardens, mosques and fortified the city walls. Timur (Tamerlane), the Turkic conqueror, ruled the city in the late 14th century. Shīrāz later became the capital of the Zand dynasty (1750-1794). The region is known for its wine.

Names:
Shīrāz (preferred,C,V,display)
Shiraz (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Fārs (province)  ............  Fārs (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Shīrāz (inhabited place)  ................  Shīrāz (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
trade center (C)
educational center (C)  ............  university established 1945
capital (H)  ............  of a Saffarid ruler (867-879) and of Persia (1750-1779)
historic site (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Shīrāz..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 587
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 857
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 749
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 179
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 546
Shiraz..........  [VP]
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 355
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 587
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 857
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 749
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 179
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 355
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 546
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 10,749
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 24 July 2003

 

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