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ID: 1079247
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1079247

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Qazvīn (inhabited place)  Qazvīn (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 36 16 47 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 36.2790  decimal degrees
Long: 050 00 18 E  degrees minutes   Long: 50.0050  decimal degrees

Note: Qazvīn is a major city in the province of Zanjān which stands on the site of an ancient city built by Sasanian monarch Shapur II (reg 309-79 CE), possibly a replacement for another ancient city built by Shapur I (reg 241-72 CE). An important city along the Silk Road, it gradually grew in size as a frontier town until the 10th century, when it consisted of an inner and outer city with two mosques. In 1220, the Mongols destroyed the city, but by the mid-15th century it had established itself as the capital of the province under Tahmasp I (reg 1524-76). Abbas I (reg 1588-1629) changed the capital to Esfahan, but the city has remained an important trade center.

Names:
Qazvīn (preferred,C,V,display)
Qazvin (C,V)
Qazwīn (C,V)
Kazvin (C,V)
Shad Shahpur (C,V)
Kashvin (C,V)  ............ Sassanians name
قزوين (C,V,Persian-Farsi,U)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Qazvīn (province)  ............  Qazvīn (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Qazvīn (inhabited place)  ................  Qazvīn (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)
trade center (C)
capital (H)  ............  under the Safavid king, Shah Tahmasp

Related geographic places:
located on ....  Silk Road .......... (road)
..................  (World) [7031416]

Sources and Contributors:
قزوين..........  [VP]
..............  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 23 February 2016
Kashvin..........  [VP]
.................  Historical Atlas of Iran (1971) plate 8
Kazvin..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 23 July 2003
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 96
Qazvīn..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 157
Qazvin..........  [VP]
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 2 October 2003
Qazwīn..........  [VP]
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 23 July 2003
Shad Shahpur..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 23 July 2003
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 23 July 2003
..................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 23 July 2003; accessed 2 October 2003
..................  Historical Atlas of Iran (1971) plate 8
..................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 157; 96
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 23 July 2003
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
..........  Historical Atlas of Iran (1971) plate 22
..........  UNESCO: Silk Road (2016-) accessed 23 February 2016

 

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