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ID: 1079129
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1079129

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Kāshān (inhabited place)  Kāshān (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 33 59 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 33.9833  decimal degrees
Long: 051 35 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 51.5833  decimal degrees

Note: Although evidence suggests that the Kāshān region has been inhabited since 6000-3000 BCE, the city itself dates to Sassanian times. Zubayda, the wife of the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid (reigned 786-809) is credited with founding the town, which soonafter became a center for Shi'ism, and established the Friday Mosque (minaret dated at 1073-4). Kāshān became a center for ceramics in the 12th-13th centuries, surviving a 1224 attack by the Mongols. The Safavid dynasty (1501-1732) saw Kāshān through its most prosperous period, and under Abbas I, a dam was built to increase water to the city. In 1779, an earthquake struck and the city went into decline, although attempts have been made in the 20th century to revitalize the carpet and velvet industries.

Names:
Kāshān (preferred,C,V)
Kashan (C,V,display)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Eşfahān (province)  ............  Eşfahān (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Kāshān (inhabited place)  ................  Kāshān (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)
provincial capital (C)
city (C)
ancient site (C)
religious center (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Kāshān..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 95
Kashan..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 28 July 2003
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 28 July 2003
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 28 July 2003
..................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 28 July 2003
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 95
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 28 July 2003
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 28 July 2003

 

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