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ID: 1000140
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000140

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Syria (nation)  Syria (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 35 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 35.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 038 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 38.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Earliest inhabitants of the area were probably Natufians ca. 10,000 BCE; home to several great cultures, including Akkadians and Amorites 3rd-2nd millenia BCE; ruled by Alexander, Romans, Arabs, and Ottomans; shares name with ancient region covering a wider area; official language is Arabic.

Names:
Sūrīyah (preferred,C,V,Arabic (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Sūrīya (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Sūriyyah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U)
As-Sūrīyah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Al Jumhūriyyah al ʻArabiyyah as Sūriyyah (C,V,O,Arabic (transliterated),U)
Al Jumhūrīyah al ʻArabīyah as Sūrīyah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
République arabe syrienne (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Syrienne, République arabe (C,O,French,U,N)
Syrie (C,O,French,U,N)
La Syrie (C,O,French,U,N)
Syrian Arab Republic (C,O,O,English,U,N)  ............ UN Official English short name
Syria (C,O,display,English-P,U,N)
República Árabe Siria (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
Siria (C,O)
Syrië (C,O)
Syrien (C,O)
Síria (C,O)
Сирийская Арабская Республика (C,O,Russian-P,U)
阿拉伯叙利亚共和国 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
سورِ ةًَ (C,V,Arabic-P,U)  ............ National Official Arabic short name
سورِ يَا (C,V,Arabic,U)  ............ Alternate National Official Arabic name
الجهور ةً ا عًرب ةَ اسًور ةً (C,V,O,Arabic,U)  ............ UN Official Arabic short/formal name
SYR (C,O,ISO3L)
SY (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO760 (C,O,ISO3N)
SY00 (C,O,FIPS)
Syrian (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Syria (nation)  ........  Syria (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Middle East (general region)  ....  Middle East (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Syria (nation)  ........  Syria (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Syria (nation)  ............  Syria (nation) (P,H) 612-330 BCE

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  gained total independence in 1946
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  first proclaimed 1930
controlled region (H)  ............  French, periodic, 19th-20th centuries; French/British, 1940s

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Damascus .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Syria, Dimashq governorate) [7002261]
coextensive with ....  Syria .......... (general region)
..............................  (World, Asia) [7594765]
distinguished from ....  Syria .......... (province)
..................................  (World, Roman Republic and Empire) [7030348]
member of ....  Arab League .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7000153]
................  until 2011
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1945

Sources and Contributors:
Сирийская Арабская Республика..........  [VP]
..................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
阿拉伯叙利亚共和国..........  [VP]
....................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
الجهور ةً ا عًرب ةَ اسًور ةً..........  [VP]
...............................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
سورِ ةًَ..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
سورِ يَا..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah..........  [VP]
..............................................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 724
..............................................................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1176
Al Jumhūrīyah al ʻArabīyah as Sūrīyah..........  [VP]
..............................................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
Al Jumhūriyyah al ʻArabiyyah as Sūriyyah..........  [VP]
.................................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
As-Sūrīyah..........  [VP]
.......................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 384
ISO760..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
La Syrie..........  [VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1176
República Árabe Siria..........  [VP]
......................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
République arabe syrienne..........  [VP]
............................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
Siria..........  [VP]
..............  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1990) 1037
Síria..........  [VP]
..............  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 1308
Sūrīya..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
Sūrīyah..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
Sūriyyah..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
SY..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
SY00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 82
SYR..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
Syria..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..............  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 709
..............  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 627-628
..............  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 468 ff.
..............  Holy Land, National Geographic (1989) map supplement
..............  Middle East, National Geographic (1991) map supplement
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 34
..............  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-96
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Syrian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 36
Syrian Arab Republic..........  [BHA, VP]
...................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
...................................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 82
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Syrië..........  [VP]
..............  Engels Woordenboek (1987) 741
Syrie..........  [BHA, VP]
..............  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 540
Syrien..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1471
Syrienne, République arabe..........  [VP]
...............................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 784
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 709
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 724
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 627-628
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 540
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1471
..................  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1990) 1037
..................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 468 ff.
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) 741
..................  Holy Land, National Geographic (1989) map supplement
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772; 784
..................  Middle East, National Geographic (1991) map supplement
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 82
..................  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 1308
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
..................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 384
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 34
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-96
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 82
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 36
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1176
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)

 

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