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ID: 1000069
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000069

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Finland (nation)  Finland (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 64 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 64.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 026 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 26.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Area inhabited by the 8th millenium BCE; two Stone Age cultures were here, both probably Finno-Ugrian. Baltic Finns immigrated and pushed Lapps north in the early centuries CE; clans established by the 8th century. Christians arrived in the 11th century. Ruled by Sweden 1157-1809, then by Russia. Official languages are Finnish and Swedish, though Russian and Lappish (Finno-Ugric) are also spoken.

Names:
Suomi (preferred,C,V,Finnish-P,U,N)
Suomen tasavalta (C,V,O,Finnish,U)
Suomen Tasavalta (C,V,Finnish,U,N)
Finland (C,V,English-P,U,N)
Finland (North Ndebele)
Finland (Swedish-P,U,N)
Finland (Shona)
Finland (Danish)
Finland (Dutch)
Finland (Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Finland (Norwegian (Bokmål))
Finland (Norwegian)
Finland (Afrikaans)
Finland (Ewe)
Finland (Limburgan)
Finland (Akan)
Finland (Somali)
Finland (Breton)
Finland (Tagalog)
Finland (Malay (macrolanguage))
Republiken Finland (C,V,O,Swedish,U,N)
Republic of Finland (C,O,English,U,N)
Finland, Republic of (C,O,English,U,N)
Finlande (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Finlande (Walloon)
Finlande (Arpitan)
République de Finlande (C,O,French,U,N)
Finlandia (C,O,Galician)
Finlandia (Basque)
Finlandia (Aragonese)
Finlandia (Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association))
Finlandia (Polish)
Finlandia (Asturian)
Finlandia (Italian)
Finlandia (Spanish-P,U,N)
Finlandia (Sicilian)
Finlandia (Indonesian)
Finlandia (Piemontese)
República de Finlandia (C,O,Spanish,U)
Finnland (C,O,Icelandic)
Finnland (Luxembourgish)
Finnland (Faroese)
Finnland (German)
Finnland (Low German)
Finlândia (C,O,Portuguese)
Финляндия (C,V,Kazakh)
Финляндия (Russian-P,U)
Финляндия (Tatar)
Финляндия (Udmurt)
Финляндская Республика (C,V,Russian,U)
芬兰 (C,V,Chinese-P,U)
芬兰共和国 (C,V,Chinese,U)
ف يٌَدا (C,V,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً ف يٌَدا (C,V,Arabic,U)
FIN (C,O,ISO3L)
FI (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO246 (C,O,ISO3N)
FI00 (C,O,FIPS)
Finnish (C,O,English,U,A)
פינלנד (C,U,Hebrew )
An Fhionlainn (C,U,Irish Gaelic)
Fëlânde (C,U,Sangho)
Fenland (C,U,Fulah)
Fenlann (C,U,Haitian (Haitian Creole))
Filandɛ (C,U,Lingala)
Filande (C,U,Luba-Katanga)
Finilandi (C,U,Rundi)
Finilandi (Bambara)
Finilandi (Ganda (Ugandan language))
Finilani (C,U,Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Finlân (C,U,Western Frisian)
Finlan (C,U,Hausa)
Finlanda (C,U,Albanian)
Finlanda (Romansh)
Finlanda (Romanian)
Finlandë (C,U,Albanian)
Fînlande (C,U)
Finlandi (C,U,Greenlandic)
Finlàndia (C,U,Catalan)
Finlàndia (Occitan)
Finlándia (C,U,Tetum)
Finlandia - Suomi (C,U,Galician)
Finlandiya (C,U,Quechuan)
Finlandiya (Turkish)
Finlandiya (Azerbaijani)
Finlandja (C,U,Maltese)
Finland nutome (C,U,Ewe)
Finlando (C,U,Ido)
Finlandy (C,U,Malagasy)
Finlandya (C,U,Waray (Philippines))
Fînlenda (C,U,Kurdish)
Finlyandiya (C,U)
Finnia (C,U,Latin)
Finnlånd (C,U,Bavarian)
Finnlando (C,U,Esperanto)
Finnlynn (C,U,Gaelic, indigenous Manx)
Finnország (C,U,Magyar (Hungarian))
Finska (C,U,Croatian)
Finska (Upper Sorbian)
Finska (Bosnian)
Finska (Slovene)
Fínsko (C,U,Slovak)
Fińskô (C,U,Kashubian)
Finsko (C,U,Czech)
i-Finland (C,U,Zulu)
Orílẹ́ède Filandi (C,U,Yoruba)
Phần Lan (C,U,Vietnamese)
Phinsuyu (C,U,Quechuan)
Pinilana (C,U,Hawaiian)
Pinlan (C,U,Tok Pisin (Neomelanesian))
Pinlandia (C,U,Ilocano)
Pinlandya (C,U,Pampanga)
Pinrand (C,U,Nauruan)
Pow Finn (C,U,Cornish)
Some (C,U,Estonian)
Somija (C,U,Latvian)
Soome (C,U,Estonian)
Suòmaidh (C,U,Scots Gaelic)
Šuomi (C,U,Karelian)
Suomija (C,U,Lithuanian)
Suomiyän (C,U,Volapük)
Suopma (C,U,Northern Sami)
Ufini (C,U,Swahili (generic))
Ufini (Kikuyu)
Y Ffindir (C,U,Welsh)
فینلاند (C,U,Central Kurdish)
فینلاند (Persian-Farsi)
ประเทศฟินแลนด์ (C,U,Thai)
핀란드 (C,U,Korean)
Финска (C,U,Serbian)
Финска (Macedonian)
فنلندا (C,U,Arabic)
ܦܝܢܠܢܕ (C,U,Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE))
フィンランド (C,U,Japanese)
பின்லாந்து (C,U,Tamil)
Фінляндія (C,U,Ukrainian)
ຟິນແລນ (C,U,Lao)
Финлянди (C,U,Chuvash)
Финлянди (Ossetian/Ossetic)
فنلینډ (C,U,Pashto)
Финландия (C,U,Bulgarian)
Фінляндыя (C,U,Belorussian)
Финланд (C,U,Tajik)
Φινλανδία (C,U,Greek)
ហ្វាំងឡង់ (C,U,Khmer)
ፊንላንድ (C,U,Tigrinya)
ፊንላንድ (Amharic)
ฟินแลนด์ (C,U,Thai)
ཕིན་ལེནཌ (C,U,Dzongkha)
फिनलैंड (C,U,Hindi)
فنلاند (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
فېنلانډ (C,U,Pashto)
فىنلاندىيە (C,U,Uyghur)
פינלאנד (C,U,Yiddish)
ফিন্ল্যাণ্ড (C,U,Bengali)
ფინეთი (C,U,Georgian)
Ֆինլանդիա (C,U,Armenian)
फिनल्याण्ड (C,U,Nepali)
फ़िनलैण्ड (C,U,Hindi)
फिन्ल्याण्ड (C,U,Nepali)
フィンランド共和国 (C,U,Japanese)
ෆින්ලන්තය (C,U,Sinhala)
ഫിന്‍ലാന്‍ഡ് (C,U,Malayalam)
ဖင်လန် (C,U,Burmese)
ಫಿನ್‌ಲ್ಯಾಂಡ್ (C,U,Kannada)
ଫିନଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ (C,U,Oriya)
ཕིན་ལན྄ཌ། (C,U,Tibetan)
फिनलंड (C,U,Marathi)
ফিনল্যান্ড (C,U,Bengali)
ఫిన్లాండ్ (C,U,Telugu)
فن لینڈ (C,U,Urdu)
ફીનલેંડ (C,U,Gujarati)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Finland (nation)  ........  Finland (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Northern Europe (general region)  ........  Northern Europe (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Finland (nation)  ............  Finland (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of European Union (union)  ........  European Union (union) (P)
Hierarchy of Finland (nation)  ............  Finland (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of European Economic Area (zone)  ........  European Economic Area (zone) (P,U)
Hierarchy of Finland (nation)  ............  Finland (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  achieved independence from Russia after 1917
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)
grand duchy (H)  ............  established 1581
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Helsinki .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Europe, Finland, Newland Region) [7009880]
member of ....  European Union .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7030305]
................  since 1995
member of ....  Euro Zone .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7033130]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1955

Sources and Contributors:
Финляндия..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
....................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Финляндская Республика..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
芬兰..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
芬兰共和国..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
ف يٌَدا..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
جُهور ةً ف يٌَدا..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
פינלנד..........  [IMJ, VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
فینلاند..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ประเทศฟินแลนด์..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
핀란드..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Финска..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
فنلندا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ܦܝܢܠܢܕ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
フィンランド..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
பின்லாந்து..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Фінляндія..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ຟິນແລນ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Финлянди..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
فنلینډ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Финландия..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Фінляндыя..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Финланд..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Φινλανδία..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ហ្វាំងឡង់..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ፊንላንድ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ฟินแลนด์..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ཕིན་ལེནཌ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
फिनलैंड..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
فنلاند..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
فېنلانډ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
فىنلاندىيە..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
פינלאנד..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ফিন্ল্যাণ্ড..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ფინეთი..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Ֆինլանդիա..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
फिनल्याण्ड..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
फ़िनलैण्ड..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
फिन्ल्याण्ड..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
フィンランド共和国..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ෆින්ලන්තය..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ഫിന്‍ലാന്‍ഡ്..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ဖင်လန်..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ಫಿನ್‌ಲ್ಯಾಂಡ್..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ଫିନଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ཕིན་ལན྄ཌ།..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
फिनलंड..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ফিনল্যান্ড..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ఫిన్లాండ్..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
فن لینڈ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ફીનલેંડ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
An Fhionlainn..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Fëlânde..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Fenland..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Fenlann..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
FI..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 14
FI00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
Filandɛ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Filande..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
FIN..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 778
Finilandi..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finilani..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finlân..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finlan..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finland..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, IMJ Preferred, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 782 ff.
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 51
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-32
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Finlanda..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finlande..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
Finlandë..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Fînlande..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finlandi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finlandia..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
....................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
Finlândia..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
....................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
Finlàndia..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finlándia..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finlandia - Suomi..........  [VP]
................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finlandiya..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finlandja..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finland nutome..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finlando..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finland, Republic of..........  [VP]
...................................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 293 ff.
Finlandy..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finlandya..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Fînlenda..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finlyandiya..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finnia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finnish..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 14
Finnland..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1044
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finnlånd..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finnlando..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finnlynn..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finnország..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finska..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Fínsko..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Fińskô..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Finsko..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
i-Finland..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
ISO246..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 14
Orílẹ́ède Filandi..........  [VP]
................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Phần Lan..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Phinsuyu..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Pinilana..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Pinlan..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Pinlandia..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Pinlandya..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Pinrand..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Pow Finn..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
República de Finlandia..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Republic of Finland..........  [VP]
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 203-205
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Republiken Finland..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 595
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
République de Finlande..........  [VP]
.........................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 778
Some..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Somija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Soome..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Suòmaidh..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Suomen Tasavalta..........  [VP]
.............................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 606
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 396-398
Suomen tasavalta..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Suomi..........  [BHA, FDA, VP Preferred]
..............  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
..............  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 140
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Šuomi..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Suomija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Suomiyän..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Suopma..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Ufini..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Y Ffindir..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, IMJ, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 595
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 606
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 203-205
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 293 ff.
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1044
..................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 782 ff.
..................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 660013
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 14
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 778
..................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
..................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 140
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 51
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-32
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 14
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 396-398
..................  Wikipedia (2000-) https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A4%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%BB%D1%8F%D0%BD%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%8F
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988)

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust