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ID: 1000141
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000141

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Taiwan (nation)  Taiwan (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 24 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 24.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 121 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 121.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Main island originally inhabited by Malayo-Polynesians. The island was settled by the Chinese in the 7th century. Later visited by Portuguese in the 16th century. Migrations occurred in the 17th century from inhabitants of the Chinese Fujian and Guangdong provinces. The Dutch arrived in the 17th century as well. Taiwan became a refuge for Chinese Nationalists in the late 1940s. The official language is Mandarin Chinese.

Names:
Chung-hua Min-kuo (preferred,C,V,Chinese (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Taiwan (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Taiwan (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones),U)
T'aiwan (C,V,English,U,N)
Taïwan (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Taiwán (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
China, Republic of (Taiwan) (C,V,English,U)
Republic of China (Taiwan) (C,O,English,U,N)  ............ used after 1949
Province of China Taiwan (C,O,English,U,N)
Taiwan, Province of China (C,O,English,U,N)
Province de Chine Taïwan (C,O,French,U,N)
Nationalist China (C,O,English,U,N)
Chinese Taipei (C,V)  ............ designated name used in various international organizations and sporting events
T'ai-wan (C,V,Chinese (transliterated),U)
ROC (C,V,A)
TWN (C,O,ISO3L)
TW (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO158 (C,O,ISO3N)
TW00 (C,O,FIPS)
China (Republic, Taiwan) (NA,V,Chinese (transliterated),U)
臺灣 (NA,V,Chinese,U)
Taiwanese (C,O)
Formosa (H,O,English,U,N)  ............ meaning "beautiful," named by Portuguese 1590
Formosa (Portuguese,U,N)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Taiwan (nation)  ........  Taiwan (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of China (nation)  ........  China (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Taiwan (nation)  ............  Taiwan (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  established in 1949; lost UN seat in 1971
primary political unit (C)
controlled region (H)  ............  Dutch, 1624-1661; Chinese, 1683-1895; Japanese, 1895-1945
political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Pan-ch'iao .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Taiwan, Taibei) [1085361]

Sources and Contributors:
臺灣..........  [VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
China..........  [VP]
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
China, Republic of..........  [VP]
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Chinese Taipei..........  [VP]
.............................  CIA, World Fact Book (2006-)
Chung-hua Min-kuo..........  [VP Preferred]
................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 710
................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 725
................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Formosa..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1181
ISO158..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
Nationalist China..........  [BHA, VP]
................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Province de Chine Taïwan..........  [VP]
.........................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 784
Province of China Taiwan..........  [VP]
.........................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
Republic of China..........  [VP]
................................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 910
................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
ROC..........  [VP]
...........  CIA, World Fact Book (2006-)
Taiwan..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 710
.................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 631-632
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 910
.................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 511 ff.
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-96
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1181
Taiwán..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
Taïwan..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
T'aiwan..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
T'ai-wan..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Taiwanese..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Taiwan; The people; Ethnolinguistic groups;" accessed 16 January 2008
....................  Oxford English Dictionary [online] (2002-) accessed 16 January 2008
Taiwan, Province of China..........  [BHA, VP]
............................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
TW..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 20
TW00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 88
TWN..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon / Artists of the World (2009-) accessed 26 April 2017
..................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 710
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 710
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 725
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 631-632
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 910
..................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 511 ff.
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Taiwan; The people; Ethnolinguistic groups;" accessed 16 January 2008
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 20; 21
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772; 784
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2637939
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 88
..................  Oxford English Dictionary [online] (2002-) accessed 16 January 2008
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-96
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1181
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)

 

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