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ID: 7011656
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Odessa (inhabited place)  Odessa (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 46 30 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 46.5000  decimal degrees
Long: 030 46 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 30.7667  decimal degrees

Note: Located on Dniester river on Odessa Bay; was probably site of a Greek colony; Tatars established a fortress here in 14th cen.; part of Lithuania-Poland; passed to Turkey in 1764; was Russian from 1791; expanded in 19th cen.; severely damaged in WW II.

Names:
Odessa (preferred,C,V)  ............ named in 1795, after ancient Greek colony that was on or near this site
Odesa (C,V)
Khadzhibey (H,V)  ............ name of Tatar fortress established here in 14th cen.
Istrianorum Portus (H,V)
Odessos (H,V)  ............ name of ancient Greek colony that was probably on or near this site
Ordas (H,V)
Ordyssos (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Ukraine (nation)  ........  Ukraine (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Odessa (oblast)  ............  Odessa (oblast) (P)
Hierarchy of Odessa (inhabited place)  ................  Odessa (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  said to be on site of Milesian Greek colony from ca. 800 BC; modern city dates from establishment of Tatar fortress 14th cen.
city (C)
regional capital (C)
seaport (C)  ............  was an ancient port, modern commercial port was built in 1794
industrial center (C)  ............  most factories lie N of port along the waterfront or on western outskirts, they produce fertilizer, paints & consumer goods
educational center (C)
shipbuilding center (C)
petroleum refining center (C)
naval base (C)
fortified settlement (C)  ............  modern fortification was built in 1790s
transportation center (C)  ............  long was a hub for road & river traffic, center for railroad traffic since 1866
mining center (C)
fishing community (C)
political center (H)  ............  was important in labor movement of 19th cen.; site of abortive revolution of 1905 & mutiny on Potemkin battleship

Sources and Contributors:
Istrianorum Portus..........  [VP]
...................................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 191
Khadzhibey..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 873
Odesa..........  [VP]
..............  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-126
Odessa..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 873
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 144
Odessos..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 682
Ordas..........  [VP]
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 682
Ordyssos..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 682
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 682
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 873
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 191
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-126
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 144
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust