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ID: 7006809
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7006809

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Leyden (inhabited place)  Leyden (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 52 09 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 52.1500  decimal degrees
Long: 004 30 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 4.5000  decimal degrees

Note: Located at confluence of Oude Rijn & Nieuwe Rijn Rivers. Was a holding of the Utrecht diocese in the10th century and the city grew around the12th century castle. Ruled by the count of Holland until 1420. The Elzevir family established a printing press here and it became a printing center in the 16th century. Site of the oldest university in Holland founded in 1575. The Pilgrims lived her for 11 years before sailing to America in 1620.

Names:
Leiden (preferred,C,V,Dutch,U)
Leyden (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Leyden (Dutch,U)
Leida (C,O)
Leyde (C,O)
Leythen (H,V)  ............ 10th century
Lugdunum Batavorum (H,V)  ............ invented by Janus Dousa in poems published in 1575

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Netherlands (nation)  ........  Netherlands (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of South Holland (province)  ............  South Holland (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Leyden (inhabited place)  ................  Leyden (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first mentioned in documents in 922, charter confirmed & extended in 1266
city (C)
commercial center (C)
agricultural center (C)
manufacturing center (C)  ............  famous for metalworking
publishing center (C)
textile center (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Leida..........  [VP]
..............  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 290
Leiden..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 111
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Leyde..........  [VP]
..............  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 293
Leyden..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 252-253
.................  GRI Photo Study, Authority File (1989)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Leythen..........  [VP]
.................  Phaidon Art Guide: Holland (1987) 153
Lugdunum Batavorum..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
...................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 252-253
...................................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12581
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 293
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 290
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 252-253
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12581
..................  GRI Photo Study, Authority File (1989)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2148516
..................  Phaidon Art Guide: Holland (1987) 153
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 111
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:512
..........  Phaidon Art Guide: Holland (1987) 153

 

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