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ID: 7005294
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005294

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Fulda (inhabited place)  Fulda (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 33 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.5500  decimal degrees
Long: 009 40 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 9.6667  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Fulda is located on the Fulda River between the Vogelberg and the Rhön Mountains. The settlement grew up around an abbey founded in 744 by a disciple of St. Boniface. The town became a great medieval seat of learning and culture, and also a missionary center. In 1157 the town was granted a charter, and the abbots became princes of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1752 the abbots were granted the rank of prince-bishops, however the bishopric was secularized in 1802. The city was annexed by Prussia from 1866 and went to Hessen in the early 20th century. Most of its notable buildings are in the Baroque style, including the cathedral with its crypt of St. Boniface, the former bishop's palace, now the city hall and museum, and the Orangery. The church of St. Michael dates from 820. Banking and other financial businesses are at the heart of the Fulda economy. Clothing and textiles are the major manufactures. The 2004 estimated population was 63,100.

Names:
Fulda (preferred,C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Hesse (state)  ............  Hesse (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Fulda (inhabited place)  ................  Fulda (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded as a monastery in 744
city (C)
manufacturing center (C)
financial center (C)
cultural center (C)
educational center (C)  ............  abbey school was directed by Rabanus Maurus in 803; great library survived until 17th century; today has museums and library
religious center (H)  ............  Benedictine monastery founded in 8th century; abbot was a prince of Holy Roman Empire and acquired rank of bishop in 1752

Sources and Contributors:
Fulda..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
..............  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 15 June 2004
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 69
..............  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 15 June 2004
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Fulda (Germany) NAF80004089, 15 June 2004
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1772866
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 69
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Fulda." Encyclopedia Britannica Online, 2002-. http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?eu=36287&tocid=0&query=fulda&ct=eb (15 June 2004)
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) "Hessen." World Gazetteer [online] 1990-. http://www.world-gazetteer.com/fr/fr_de.htm (15 June 2004)

 

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