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ID: 1000108
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000108

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Myanmar (nation)  Myanmar (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 22 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 22.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 098 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 98.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Settled in 5th millennium BCE; early home to Mongolian people from Tibet from 5th century BCE; Hindus settled 3rd century; united under dynasty at Pagan 11th century; overthrown by Mongols 13th century; united under Toungoo dynasty 16th century and as modern state in 18th century; official language is Burmese, but others are used by ethnic groups including Indians, Chinese, Karen, and Shan.

Names:
Myanma (preferred,C,V,Burmese (transliterated)-P,U)
Pyidaungzu Thammada Myanma Naingngandaw (C,V,O,Burmese (transliterated),U)
Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw (C,V,Burmese,U,N)
Pyeitawinzu Myanma Naingngandaw (C,V,Burmese,U,N)
Myanmar (C,O,English-P,U,N)  ............ name was changed from "Burma" in 1989
Myanmar (French-P,U,N)
Myanmar (Spanish-P,U,N)
Republic of the Union of Myanmar (C,O)  ............ from 2011
Burma (C,O)
Union of Burma (C,O)
Birmanie (C,O)
Birma (C,O)
Birmania (C,O)
Birmânia (C,O)
မြန်ြာ (C,V,Burmese-P,U)
မြည်ေထာင်စ ု ဘြ္မ တမြန်ြာနို င်ငံေတာ် (C,V,O,Burmese,U)
Мьянма (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Союз Мьянма (C,O,Russian,U)
缅甸 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
缅甸联邦 (C,O,Chinese,U)
م اِنمار (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
اتحاد م اِنما (C,O,Arabic,U)
MMR (C,O,ISO3L)
MM (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO104 (C,O,ISO3N)
BM00 (C,O,FIPS)
Pyidaungsu Socialist Thammada Myanma Naingngandaw (H,V)  ............ 1974-1978
Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (H,O)  ............ 1974-1978
République socialiste de l'Union birmane (H,O)  ............ 1974-1978
Union of Myanmar (H,O,English,U,N)  ............ 1989-2011
Union du Myanmar (H,O,French,U,N)  ............ 1989-2011
Unión de Myanmar (H,V,Spanish,U,N)  ............ 1989-2011
BUR (H,O)
Burmese (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Myanmar (nation)  ........  Myanmar (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Southeast Asia (general region)  ........  Southeast Asia (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Myanmar (nation)  ............  Myanmar (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  modern state founded 18th cen.; gained independence January 4, 1948
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)
controlled region (H)  ............  British, 19th-20th cen.
colony (H)  ............  British, established 1937
province (H)  ............  of British India, until 1937
kingdom (H)  ............  founded 19th cen.

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Nay Pyi Taw .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Myanmar, Nay Pyi Taw) [1066257]
member of ....  Commonwealth of Nations .......... (association)
................  (World) [7005615]
................  resigned from the association in 1948
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1948

Sources and Contributors:
Мьянма..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
Союз Мьянма..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
缅甸..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
缅甸联邦..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
م اِنمار..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
اتحاد م اِنما..........  [VP]
..........................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
မြန်ြာ..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 8 August 2013
မြည်ေထာင်စ ု ဘြ္မ တမြန်ြာနို င်ငံေတာ်..........  [VP]
..............................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 8 August 2013
Birma..........  [VP]
..............  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 118
Birmania..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1990) 100
Birmânia..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-31
Birmanie..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 61
BM00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
BUR..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 764
Burma..........  [BHA, VP]
..............  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
..............  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 657 ff.
..............  FIPS Change Notice, no. 1 (1998) 4
..............  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 3 May 2017
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 25
Burmese..........  [VP]
.................  CIA, World Fact Book (1999) accessed 03/30/00
ISO104..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 18
MM..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 18
MMR..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 18
Myanma..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-31
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 21 July 2009
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
Myanmar..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 677
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1999) 669
.................  China, National Geographic (1991) map supplement
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 05/19/99
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-66
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 21 July 2009
Pyeitawinzu Myanma Naingngandaw..........  [VP]
.....................................................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 192
Pyidaungsu Socialist Thammada Myanma Naingngandaw..........  [VP]
................................................................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 101
Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw..........  [VP]
.....................................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 664
.....................................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 676
Pyidaungzu Thammada Myanma Naingngandaw..........  [VP]
.................................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
Republic of the Union of Myanmar..........  [VP]
.....................................................  ISO Newsletter VI-9 (2011) accessed 9 January 2012
République socialiste de l'Union birmane..........  [VP]
.................................................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 776
Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma..........  [VP]
.................................................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 764
.................................................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Unión de Myanmar..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 21 July 2009
Union du Myanmar..........  [VP]
.............................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 70
Union of Burma..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 3 May 2017
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 192
Union of Myanmar..........  [VP]
.............................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 70
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 664
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 676
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 677
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1999) 669
..................  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 101
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 61
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 118
..................  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1990) 100
..................  China, National Geographic (1991) map supplement
..................  CIA, World Fact Book (1999) accessed 03/30/00
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 657 ff.
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 05/19/99
..................  FIPS Change Notice, no. 1 (1998) 4
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 18
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 764; 776
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-31
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 25
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-66
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 70
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 192
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 192
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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