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ID: 7001758
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7001758

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Beijing (inhabited place)  Beijing (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 39 55 44 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 39.9288  decimal degrees
Long: 116 23 20 E  degrees minutes   Long: 116.3889  decimal degrees

Note: Was the capital of the powerful Mongolian monarchy in the 10th and 12th centuries. It was replaced and reinstalled as the national capital several times over the centuries. It was damaged by occupying European forces in 1860. It was a battleground in the Chinese-Japanese war 1937-1945; the city surrendered to the Communists in 1949. Capitol of the Mongol Empire, at the present-day site of Beijing, China.

Names:
Beijing (preferred,C,V,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones),U)
Beijing (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin)-P,U,N)
Peking (C,V,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,U,N)
Peking (Chinese (transliterated),U)
北京 (C,V,Chinese,U)
Pékin (C,V,French-P,U,N)
Pei-Ching (C,V)
Pei-ching (C,V,Chinese (transliterated),U)
Pei-p'ing (C,V,Chinese (transliterated),U)
Peiching (C,O)
Pekin (C,O,Chinese (transliterated),U)
Pechino (C,O)
Beijing Shi (C,V,Chinese (transliterated),U)
Pei-ching-shih (C,V,Chinese (transliterated),U)
Pei-p'ing-shih (C,V,Chinese (transliterated),U)
Cambaluc (H,O)  ............ city with this name built 1260-1290
Ch'i (H,V)  ............ under the Chou Dynasty (1122-255 BCE)
Daidu (H,V)
Khanbalik (H,O)
Khan Bhalik (H,V)
Peiping (H,V,Chinese (transliterated),U)  ............ 1928-1949
Peip'ing (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of China (nation)  ........  China (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Beijing Shi (municipality)  ............  Beijing Shi (municipality) (P)
Hierarchy of Beijing (inhabited place)  ................  Beijing (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  site of a city since at least 723 BCE
city (C)
national capital (C)
administrative center (C)
industrial center (C)
educational center (C)
mining center (C)
capital (H)  ............  of China under Yuan Dynasty
frontier settlement (H)  ............  1122-255 BCE
religious center (H)  ............  Christian bishopric of Nestorian sect, 7th-11th cen.

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  China .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Asia) [1000111]

Sources and Contributors:
北京..........  [VP]
...........  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-)
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Beijing..........  [BHA Preferred, FDA Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1976)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Statesman's Year Book (1989)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1985)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 24
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Beijing Shi..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Cambaluc..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 721-722
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1989) 339
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 936
Ch'i..........  [VP]
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 936
Daidu..........  [VP]
..............  Asia For Educators, Columbia University (2014-) accessed 28 October 2014
Khanbalik..........  [VP]
....................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 347
Khan Bhalik..........  [VP]
.......................  Asia For Educators, Columbia University (2014-) accessed 28 October 2014
Pechino..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 365
Peiching..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Pei-Ching..........  [BHA]
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Pei-ching..........  [VP]
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Pei-ching-shih..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Peip'ing..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Pei-p'ing..........  [BHA, VP]
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Peiping..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 936
Pei-p'ing-shih..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Pékin..........  [BHA, VP]
..............  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Pekin..........  [BHA, VP]
..............  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Peking..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:721-722; II, 721-722
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 365
..................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1976)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1898541
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Statesman's Year Book (1989)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 24
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1989) 339
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 347
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 936
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2015-)

 

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