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ID: 7013352
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7013352

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Baltimore (inhabited place)  Baltimore (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 39 17 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 39.2833  decimal degrees
Long: 076 36 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -76.6000  decimal degrees

Note: Located at the head of Patapsco river estuary above Chesapeake Bay; settlement founded as outlet for local tobacco, developed as producer of clipper ships in 18th century; many citizens had Southern sympathies in Civil War, though state was pro-Union.

Names:
Baltimore (preferred,C,V)  ............ named after Irish barony of Baltimore, seat of the Calvert family who were proprietors of the colony of Maryland in 18th cen.

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Maryland (state)  ............  Maryland (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Baltimore Independent City (county)  ................  Baltimore Independent City (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Baltimore (inhabited place)  ....................  Baltimore (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  established in 1729, incorporated in 1745, damaged by fire in 1904 but rebuilt
city (C)
seaport (C)
shipbuilding center (C)  ............  since 18th cen.; US Navy's 1st ship, Constellation, was launched here & is still moored in harbor
administrative center (C)  ............  especially noted as headquarters for national Social Security Administration
manufacturing center (C)
commercial center (C)
transportation center (C)  ............  nation's 1st railroad, Baltimore & Ohio, started here in 1827; now hub for water, road, rail & air traffic
university center (C)  ............  for John Hopkins University since 1876, & for several other universities & colleges
episcopal see (C)  ............  was first diocese of Roman Catholic Church in the US
cultural center (C)  ............  has museums of art, symphony orchestra, civic opera & stage theater; was home to essayist HL Mencken & novelist EA Poe
sporting center (C)  ............  noted for professional baseball team, Orioles, & as home of Babe Ruth; also for lacrosse, derived from an old Amerindian game
battlefield (H)  ............  was successfully defended in 1814 during War of 1812, this was inspiration for composer FS Key's "Star Spangled Banner"
political center (H)  ............  Continental Congress met here 1776-1777, after British occupied Philadelphia

Sources and Contributors:
Baltimore..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 1:847
....................  Library of Congress HABS/HAER (1987-)
....................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
....................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS24000365
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 847; 1:847
..................  Library of Congress HABS/HAER (1987-)
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS24000365
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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