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ID: 7030362
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Antonine Wall (ruins)  Antonine Wall (ruins)

Coordinates:
Lat: 55 58 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 55.9667  decimal degrees
Long: 004 04 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -4.0667  decimal degrees

Note: Roman frontier barrier extending about 36 1/2 miles (58.5 kilometers) across central Scotland between the Clyde River and the Firth of Forth. Ordered by the emperor Antoninus Pius, the wall was built 142-144 CE by Lollius Urbicus, governor of Britain. The wall was 14 to 16 feet (4 1/2 meters) wide and probably 10 feet (3 meters) high; a ditch 40 feet (12 meters) wide and 12 feet (4 meters) deep ran in front of the wall, and a military road ran behind it. The wall itself consisted of a turf rampart set on a stone foundation. A series of 19 forts, separated by intervals of two miles (3 kilometers), controlled the wall. Construction of the wall extended the northern boundary of Roman Britain farther into Scotland and provided defense beyond Hadrian's Wall, which had been completed some 100 miles (160 kilometers) to the south in about 136. Occupation of the Antonine Wall was interrupted during the northern revolt (155-158 CE), and the garrison withdrew to the more substantial Hadrian's Wall not later than 196. The emperor Septimius Severus arrived in 208 CE to restore order along the Scottish borders, briefly reoccupying and repairing sections of the Antonine Wall; this is why the wall is referred to as the Severan Wall by some late Roman and medieval historians. Traces of the wall and its ditch can still be seen today; intact sections of wall and wall foundations remain at sites such as Watling Lodge and Hillfoot Cemetery and the remains of several forts including Kinneil, Rough Castle, and Bearsden can also be visited.

Names:
Antonine Wall (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Antoninus, Wall of (NA,V,English,U)
Wall of Antoninus (NA,V,English,U)
Severan Wall (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Scotland (country)  ............  Scotland (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Antonine Wall (ruins)  ................  Antonine Wall (ruins) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Britannia (province)  ........  Britannia (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Antonine Wall (ruins)  ............  Antonine Wall (ruins) (P,H)

Place Types:
ruins (preferred, C)
fortification (H)
wall (H)

Related geographic places:
near/adjacent to ....  Rough Castle Fort .......... (deserted settlement)
..............................  (World, Europe, United Kingdom, Scotland, Falkirk) [8711574]

Sources and Contributors:
Antonine Wall..........  [VP Preferred]
..........................  Athena, Antonine Wall [online] (1996-2001) accessed 5 August 2004
..........................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 5 August 2004
..........................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Antoninus, Wall of..........  [VP]
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Severan Wall..........  [VP]
.......................  Athena, Antonine Wall [online] (1996-2001) accessed 5 August 2004
Wall of Antoninus..........  [VP]
................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Athena, Antonine Wall [online] (1996-2001) accessed 5 August 2004
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 5 August 2004
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2588330
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Athena, Antonine Wall [online] (1996-2001) accessed 5 August 2004
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 5 August 2004

 

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