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ID: 7015505
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Banat (general region)  Banat (general region)

Coordinates:
Lat: 45 30 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 45.5000  decimal degrees
Long: 021 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 21.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Banat is a region of central Europe bounded by Transylvania and Walachia in the east, by the Tisza River in the west, by the Mures River in the north, and by the Danube River in the south. Slavs, Serbs, and Magyars held it from the 5th century. The Hungarian crown ruled it from 800 to1500, notably by King Andrew II who organized it as Banat of Severin in 1233. Serbs settled there in the 14th and 15th centuries. In the mid-16th century it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks, who retained it until 1718, when Austria acquired it. For most of the period from 1779 to 1920, Banat was attached to Hungary. After World War I, the victorious Allies divided it, and Hungary retained the district of Szeged, Romania acquired the large eastern section, and the remainder went to Yugoslavia in what is now Serbia.

Names:
Banat (preferred,C,V,Romanian-P,U,N)
Banat of Temesvar (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Banat (general region)  ........  Banat (general region) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Serbia (nation)  ........  Serbia (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Banat (general region)  ............  Banat (general region)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Romania (nation)  ........  Romania (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Banat (general region)  ............  Banat (general region) (P)

Place Types:
general region (preferred, C)  ............  from 1233

Sources and Contributors:
Banat..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
..............  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
..............  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..............  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 26 October 2015
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 112
Banat of Temesvar..........  [VP]
................................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 26 October 2015
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 26 October 2015
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 112
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 21 July 2003

 

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