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ID: 7011995
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of York (inhabited place)  York (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 53 58 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 53.9667  decimal degrees
Long: 001 05 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -1.0833  decimal degrees

Note: Originally a settlement of Celtic Brigantes. Occupied by the Romans in 71 CE; it was the Romans' northern military headquarters and later capital of the province of Britannia Inferior. Emperor Severus died here in 211; Constantine proclaimed emperor by his troops in 306. York was the center of the Norse kingdom in the 10th century. In the Middle Ages it was a wool production and adminstrative center. Site of 12th-century York Minster church, as well as the ruins of medieval St. Mary's Abbey.

Names:
York (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Caer Ebrauc (H,V)
Eboracum (H,O,Latin,U)  ............ Roman settlement name
Eburacum (H,O)
Eoforwic (H,O)  ............ early medieval name
Jorvik (H,O,English,U)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of York (unitary authority)  ................  York (unitary authority) (P)
Hierarchy of York (inhabited place)  ....................  York (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Britannia (province)  ........  Britannia (province) (P)
Hierarchy of York (inhabited place)  ............  York (inhabited place)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Northumbria (historical region)  ................  Northumbria (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of York (inhabited place)  ....................  York (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  originally a Celtic settlement, it was a founded as a Roman legionary fortress ca. 71
city (C)
commercial center (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  since establishment of St. Paulinus church in 7th cen.
industrial center (C)
capital (H)
provincial capital (H)  ............  of Roman Britannia Inferior and Britannia Secunda provinces, until they withdrew in 400; of Anglo-Saxon Northumbria from 6th century until captured by Danes in 867
fortification (H)  ............  was a Roman fort
Ancient Roman (H)
Romano-British (H)
regional capital (C)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Britannia Inferior .......... (province)
..................  (World, Roman Republic and Empire, Britannia) [6000961]
capital of ....  Britannia Secunda .......... (province)
..................  (World, Roman Republic and Empire, Britannia, Britannia Inferior) [7030356]
..................  from the early 4th century CE

Sources and Contributors:
Caer Ebrauc..........  [VP]
.......................  Blue Guide: England (1980) 619
Eboracum..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 1038
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Eburacum..........  [VP]
.................  Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000)
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 342
Eoforwic..........  [VP]
.................  Dark Ages, Archaeology (1998)
Jorvik..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 1038
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
York..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
...........  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
...........  Blue Guide: England (1980) 619
...........  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 720
...........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 1038-1039
...........  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 851
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 220
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000)
..................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
..................  Blue Guide: England (1980) 619
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 720
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 1038; II, 1038-1039
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Dark Ages, Archaeology (1998)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 851
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2612321
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 220
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 342
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 29 June 2004

 

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