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ID: 7000643
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Cyrenaica (historical region)  Cyrenaica (historical region)

Coordinates:
Lat: 31 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 31.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 022 30 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 22.5000  decimal degrees

Note: Historic region of North Africa; northern Barqah was settled by Greek colonists as early as ca. 631 BCE; area was then known as Pentapolis for the five major cities established: Euhesperides, Barce, Cyrene, Apollonia, and Tenchira; Cyrene was original capital; developed around crucial port on Mediterranean, on trade routes west from Alexandria; became a Roman province in combination with Crete in 67 BCE; conquered by Arabs in 643; part of the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century; as a result of the Italo-Turkish War (1911-1912), Cyrenaica was ceded to Italy in 1912 with many Italian peasants moving there; was a major theatre of operations during World War II after which Italian colonists evacuated, leaving area 98% Muslim and Arabic-speaking; until 1963 a province of the Kingdom of Libya.

Names:
Cyrenaica (preferred,C,V,S)  ............ ancient
Cirenaica (C,O)
Cyrenaika (C,V)
Cyrénaïque (C,O)
Barqah, Wilāyat (C,V)
Barqah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Pentapolis (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Africa (continent)  ....  Africa (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Libya (nation)  ........  Libya (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Cyrenaica (historical region)  ............  Cyrenaica (historical region) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Cyrenaica (historical region)  ........  Cyrenaica (historical region) (P,H) from 67 BCE

Place Types:
historical region (preferred, C)
general region (C)
province (H)  ............  of the Roman Empire from 67 BCE; of the United Kingdom of Libya, 1951-1963

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Shaḥḥāt .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Africa, Libya, lost & found/Libya) [7000639]

Sources and Contributors:
Barqah..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Barqah, Wilāyat..........  [VP]
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Cirenaica..........  [VP]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 216
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 5 July 2004
Cyrenaica..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 5 July 2004
....................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 9974
....................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) 34RFV4320730568
....................  Petit Robert II, Noms (1989)
....................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Cyrenaika..........  [VP]
....................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-)
Cyrénaïque..........  [BHA]
.......................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Pentapolis..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 217
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 216; I, 217
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 5 July 2004
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 9974
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Petit Robert II, Noms (1989)
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 5 July 2004

 

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