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ID: 7014835
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7014835

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Tajikistan (nation)  Tajikistan (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 39 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 39.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 071 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 71.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Central Asian country bordered by China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Afghanistan. Present day Tajiks are descended from Iranian peoples inhabiting Central Asia since the 1st millenium BCE. They were included in the Persian empire and the empire of Alexander the Great. Islam came to the region in the 7th century CE from the Arabs, however their rule was weakened by tribal battles. The Tajiks then came under the rule of the Iranians, and later the Turks in 999 CE. By the 18th century, Tajiks were part of the Bukhara emirate, which after conquests became a Russian protectorate in 1868. After the Russian Revolution, a large portion of the Tajik population were included in the Turkestan Autonomous S.S.R., established in 1918. By 1920, the boundaries of the S.S.R. were extended to include most of present day Tajikistan. In 1924, the Tadzhik Autonomous S.S.R. was created as part of the Uzbek S.S.R, and within that lay another autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan. In 1929, the Tadzhik A.S.S.R. became a Soviet republic, and proceeded to industrialize. In 1991, the country gained independence and became Tajikistan, although since then has been plagued with civil strife from opposing communist, Islamic and democratic groups, leading to the displacement of more than a half million people.

Names:
Tojikiston (preferred,C,V,Tajik (transliterated)-P,U)
Jumhurii Tojikiston (C,V,O,Tajik (transliterated),U)
Tojikistan (C,V)
Jumhurii Tojikistan (C,V)
Tajikistan (C,V,English-P,U,N)
Republic of Tajikistan (C,O,English,U,N)
Tadjikistan (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République du Tadjikistan (C,O,French,U,N)
Tadzhikistan (C,V)
Tadžikistan (C,V)
Tadzhikskaya (C,O)
Tayikistán (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
República de Tayikistán (C,V,Spanish,U,N)
Тоҷикистон (C,O,Tajik-P,U)
Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон (C,O,O,Tajik,U)
Таджикистан (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Республика Таджикистан (C,O,Russian,U)
塔吉克斯坦 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
塔吉克斯坦共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
طاج ىِسخان (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً طاج ىِسخان (C,O,Arabic,U)
TJK (C,O,ISO3L)
TJ (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO762 (C,O,ISO3N)
TI00 (C,O,FIPS)
Tadžhikskaja Sovetskaja Socialistčeskaja Respublika (H,V)  ............ 1929-1991
Tadzhikskaya S. S. R. (H,V)  ............ 1929-1991
Tadzhik S. S. R. (H,V)  ............ 1929-1991
Tajik SSR (H,O)  ............ 1929-1991
Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic (H,O)  ............ 1929-1991
Tajik (C,O,English,U,A)
Tadjik (C,O)
Tadzhik (C,O)
Tajikistani (C,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Tajikistan (nation)  ........  Tajikistan (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Soviet Union (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Soviet Union (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Tajikistan (nation)  ............  Tajikistan (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Russian Central Asia (former administrative division)  ........  Russian Central Asia (former administrative division) (P)
Hierarchy of Tajikistan (nation)  ............  Tajikistan (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  became independent when the USSR was dissolved on December 26, 1991
primary political unit (C)
republic (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Dushanbe .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Tajikistan, Dushanbe) [7012178]
member of ....  Commonwealth of Independent States .......... (association)
................  (World) [1000094]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1992

Sources and Contributors:
Тоҷикистон..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Таджикистан..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Республика Таджикистан..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
塔吉克斯坦..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
塔吉克斯坦共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
طاج ىِسخان..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
جُهور ةً طاج ىِسخان..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
ISO762..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
Jumhurii Tojikistan..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 726
Jumhurii Tojikiston..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
República de Tayikistán..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
Republic of Tajikistan..........  [VP]
.........................................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-33
.........................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.........................................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
République du Tadjikistan..........  [VP]
............................................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-33
Tadjik..........  [VP]
.................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
Tadjikistan..........  [VP]
.......................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-33
Tadzhik..........  [VP]
.................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
Tadzhikistan..........  [VP]
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1179
Tadžhikskaja Sovetskaja Socialistčeskaja Respublika..........  [VP]
...................................................................................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) I-173
Tadzhikskaya..........  [VP]
.......................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 629
Tadzhikskaya S. S. R...........  [FDA, VP]
......................................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
Tadzhik S. S. R...........  [FDA, VP]
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Tadžikistan..........  [BHA]
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Tajik..........  [VP]
..............  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "Tajikistan; 2. Painting and sculpture;" accessed 18 January 2008
..............  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 36
..............  UNTERM [online] (2007-) accessed 18 January 2008
Tajikistan..........  [VP]
.......................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 720-721
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 908
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 38
Tajikistani..........  [VP]
.......................  CIA, World Fact Book (1999) accessed 04/03/00
Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic..........  [VP]
.....................................................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1181
Tajik SSR..........  [VP]
....................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 357
Tayikistán..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
TI00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 85
TJ..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
TJK..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-33
Tojikistan..........  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 726
Tojikiston..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 29 July 2009
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 720-721
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 726
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 726
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 629
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 908
..................  CIA, World Fact Book (1999) accessed 04/03/00
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 10 August 2004
..................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "Tajikistan; 2. Painting and sculpture;" accessed 18 January 2008
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
..................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-33
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 85
..................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) I-173
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 38
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 357
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 36
..................  UNTERM [online] (2007-) accessed 18 January 2008
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1179; 1181
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 12 August 2004

 

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