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ID: 7000231
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7000231

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  Iran (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 32 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 32.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 053 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 53.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Îrān is located south of the Caspian Sea and north of the Persian Gulf. It borders Turkey, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkmenistan, Pakistan and Afghanistan. The capital city is Tehran and the primary language is Farsi, although Turkish, Kurdish, and Afghan are spoken among the minorities. Islam is the primary religion. The country was inhabited in 100,000 BCE, but recorded history began with the Elmites in 3000 BCE. Three major dynasties of this pre-Islamic era are the Persian (550-331 BCE), the Parthian (250 BCE- 224 CE) and the Sassanian (224-651 CE). The Persians were able to establish an empire with the help of Cyrus the Great. This dynasty collapsed in 331 BCE when Alexander the Great conquered the region. After the fall of the Seleucid, Parthian, Bactrian, and Sassanian empires, the non-Persian Islamic princes began their rule. Following this period came the Safavid (1502-1736) dynasty (marking an Írānian state with roughly the same boundaries as present-day Írān) and the Qājār (1779-1921) dynasty. During Qājār rule, European intervention in Iranian politics began to elevate. After a famine and bankruptcy in 1921 the last of the Qājār kings, Nāser od-Dīn Shāh and Mozzaffar od-Dīn Shāh, set the grounds for Reza Khan's takeover, effectively beginning the last Persian dynasty, the Pahlavi (1921-1979 CE). Khan's son, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (1941-1979 CE), took power, and fled the country in 1979, giving way to the Islamic Republic of Írān.

Names:
Īrān (preferred,C,V,Persian-Farsi (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān (C,V,O,Persian-Farsi,U)
Îrān (C,V)
Īrān, Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye (C,V,Persian-Farsi (transliterated),U,N)
Jomhūri-ye Eslamī-ye Irān (C,V,Persian-Farsi (transliterated),U,N)
Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran (C,V)
Jomhori-e-Islami-e-Irân (C,V)
Iran (C,O,English-P,U,N)  ............ since 1935
Iran (French-P,U,N)
Islamic Republic of Iran (C,O)
Iran, Islamic Republic of (C,O)
Iran, République islamique d' (C,O,French,U,N)
République islamique d'Iran (C,O,French,U,N)
Irán (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
República Islámica del Irán (C,O,Spanish,U)
Irán, República Islámica del (C,O,Spanish,U,N)
Irã (C,O)
Иран (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Исламская Республика Иран (C,O,Russian,U)
伊朗 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
伊朗伊斯兰共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
إ رٍان (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً إ رٍان الإسلام ةِ (C,O,Arabic,U)
IRN (C,O,ISO3L)
IR (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO364 (C,O,ISO3N)
IR00 (C,O,FIPS)
Īrēn, Keshvar-e Shēhanshēhē-ye (H,O)
Iran, Empire of (H,O)
Persia (H,O)  ............ name was officially changed to "Iran" in 1935
Perse (H,O)
Iranian (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Middle East (general region)  ....  Middle East (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of India (subcontinent)  ........  India (subcontinent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ............  Iran (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ............  Iran (nation) (P,H) 612-330 BCE

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  as founded by Safawids, since 1502
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)  ............  recognized by USSR 1921
republic (C)  ............  Islamic, established 1979
empire (H)  ............  under Kajar shahs 1794-1925; finally abolished in 1979

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Tehran .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Iran, Tehrān) [7002157]
historical connection ....  Il-Khan Empire .......... (former nation/state/empire)
........................................  (World, Asia, Mongol Empire) [6002725]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1945
successor of ....  Persia .......... (historical region)
......................  (World, Asia) [7024079]

Sources and Contributors:
Иран..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Исламская Республика Иран..........  [VP]
............................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
伊朗..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
伊朗伊斯兰共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
إ رٍان..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
جُهور ةً إ رٍان الإسلام ةِ..........  [VP]
...............................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
IR..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
IR00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1998-2000) accessed 01/20/99
Irã..........  [VP]
...........  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
Iran..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
...........  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 6:374 ff.
...........  Middle East, National Geographic (1991) map supplement
...........  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 32
...........  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-43
...........  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 58
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 546-548
Îrān..........  [VP Preferred]
...........  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
...........  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 216
Irán..........  [VP]
...........  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1978) 376
Īrān..........  [VP]
...........  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 16 June 2009
...........  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 16 June 2009
Iran, Empire of..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 16 June 2009
Iranian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 18
Iran, Islamic Republic of..........  [VP]
............................................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 16 June 2009
Īrān, Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye..........  [VP]
...............................................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 16 June 2009
Irán, República Islámica del..........  [VP]
...............................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 16 June 2009
Iran, République islamique d'..........  [VP]
..................................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 16 June 2009
Īrēn, Keshvar-e Shēhanshēhē-ye..........  [VP]
.....................................................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 16 June 2009
IRN..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 767
Islamic Republic of Iran..........  [FDA, VP]
.........................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988)
.........................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 767
.........................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
ISO364..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996)
Jomhori-e-Islami-e-Irân..........  [VP]
.........................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 290-292
Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran..........  [FDA, VP]
............................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 374-376
Jomhūri-ye Eslamī-ye Irān..........  [VP]
............................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 623
............................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 630
Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān..........  [VP]
............................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Perse..........  [BHA]
..............  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Persia..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Akurgal, Ancient Ruins of Turkey (1983)
.................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 05/19/99
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) plate 32
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
República Islámica del Irán..........  [VP]
...............................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
République islamique d'Iran..........  [VP]
...............................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 779
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Akurgal, Ancient Ruins of Turkey (1983)
..................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 623
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 630
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 290-292
..................  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1978) 376
..................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 374 ff.; VI, 374-376; 6:374 ff.
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 05/19/99
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 767; 779
..................  Middle East, National Geographic (1991) map supplement
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1998-2000) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
..................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 216
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 32
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) plate 32
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-43
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 58
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 18
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 546-548
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 6,375
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 7 July 2003
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) 15,904
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 7 July 2003

 

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