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ID: 1000056
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000056

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Peru (nation)  Peru (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 10 00 00 S  degrees minutes   Lat: -10.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 076 00 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -76.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Area was inhabited by 8000 BCE; advanced cultures existed by 13th century; seat of Incan empire established ca. 1230, conquest of neighbors began in 1438; Spanish arrived in 1524, invaded Incan area and killed king; area remained loyal to Spain into the 19th century; official languages are Spanish and Quechua, though Aymará is also spoken.

Names:
Perú (preferred,C,V,Quechuan-P,U,N)
Perú (Aymaran-P,U,N)
Perú (Spanish-P,U,N)
República del Perú (C,V,O,Spanish,U,N)
Peru (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Republic of Peru (C,O,English,U,N)
Pérou (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République du Pérou (C,O,French,U,N)
Перу (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Республика Перу (C,O,Russian,U)
秘鲁 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
秘鲁共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
بيرو (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً بيرو (C,O,Arabic,U)
PER (C,O,ISO3L)
PE (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO604 (C,O,ISO3N)
PE00 (C,O,FIPS)
Peruvian (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of South America (continent)  ....  South America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Peru (nation)  ........  Peru (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  independence declared on July 28, 1821, was completely achieved in December 1842
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Lima .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, South America, Peru, Lima department) [7005821]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1945

Sources and Contributors:
Перу..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
Республика Перу..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
秘鲁..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
秘鲁共和国..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
بيرو..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
جُهور ةً بيرو..........  [VP]
..........................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
ISO604..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
PE..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
PE00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 64
PER..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 782
Pérou..........  [BHA, VP]
..............  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 555
..............  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 74
Peru..........  [BHA, FDA, VP]
...........  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1988)
...........  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 9:316 ff.
...........  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plates 119-120
...........  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) 353; I-75
...........  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 74
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 944-945
Perú..........  [VP Preferred]
...........  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 691
...........  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 74
...........  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 22 July 2009
Peruvian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 29
República del Perú..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 680
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 692
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
Republic of Peru..........  [VP]
.............................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 503-504
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
République du Pérou..........  [VP]
...................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 782
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 680
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 692
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 691
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1988)
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 503-504
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 555
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 316 ff.; 9:316 ff.
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 782
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 64
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plates 119-120
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) 353; I-75
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 74
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 29
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 944-945
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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