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ID: 7032793
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7032793

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Sumer (former nation/state/empire)  Sumer (former nation/state/empire)

Note: Region that was once the southern division of Mesopotamia in the area that was later to become Babylonia, and is now in Southern Iraq from Baghdad to the Persian Gulf. Building upon a development of increasing progressive cultures, it is widely considered to be the first urban civilization. By the 4th millennium, Sumer was divided into 12 city states: Kish, Erech, Ur, Sippar, Akshak, Larak, Nippur, Adab, Umma, Lagash, Bad-tibira, and Larsa. Under the rule of Sargon of Akkad, political unity was imposed over Mesopotamia as a whole, ca. 2340 BCE. Sumer regained some it past power under the Third Dynasty of Ur (ca. 2060-1950 BCE), but the civilization disappeared as a distinct entity with the rise of Babylonia.

Names:
Sumer (preferred,C,V)
Shinar (C,O)
Sumerian (C,V,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Al-ʻIrāq (nation)  ........  Al-ʻIrāq (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Sumer (former nation/state/empire)  ............  Sumer (former nation/state/empire) (P)

Place Types:
former nation/state/empire (preferred, C)  ............  from the 4th millenium until the Amorites conquered Mesopotamia, after 1900 BCE
general region (C)
inhabited region (H)  ............  since the 6th millenium BCE
kingdom (H)

Sources and Contributors:
Shinar..........  [VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1165
Sumer..........  [VP Preferred]
..............  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Sumer," accessed 23 April 2009
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1165
Sumerian..........  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Sumer," accessed 23 April 2009
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II,897
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Sumer," accessed 23 April 2009

 

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