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ID: 7006651
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7006651

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Hayastan (nation)  Hayastan (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 40 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 40.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 045 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 45.0000  decimal degrees

Note: The country today known as Armenia was once part of ancient Armenia, considered an advanced ancient culture, which extended from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea, and from the Mediterranean to Lake Urmia in Iran. Ancient Armenia was incorporated into the Achaemenian Empire of Persia (from the 6th-4th century BCE), and later into the Macedonian Empire (from 330 BCE). Under Roman rule in the 2nd century BCE, a Greater Armenia was formed. Over the following centuries, the area was conquered by Persians, Byzantines, and Arabs. In the 11th century CE, a second Armenian state was formed in the Cicilian Plane, to the west. Greater Armenia was the subject of several power struggles until it lost its autonomy in the 14th century. Eastern Armenia was appended to Russia in the 19th century. Western Armenia was controlled by Turkey, and in the late-19th to the early-20th centuries, the country's populace was the subject of massacres and deportations by the Turks. In 1920, the Soviet Republic of Armenia was established, later dissolving in 1936, with Armenia becoming a separate constituent republic of the Soviet Union. In 1991, Armenia declared independence from the Soviet Union. Although the Soviets had helped to modernize the country, the 1990s brought an economic crisis which has seen a fifth of the population emigrate. Major industries in Armenia include chemicals, clothing, and machinery, as well as textiles.

Names:
Hayastan (preferred,C,V,index,Armenian (transliterated)-P,U)
Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun (C,V,O,Armenian (transliterated),U)
Huyasdan (C,V)
Armenija (C,O)
Armenia (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Armenia (Spanish-P,U,N)
Republic of Armenia (C,O,English,U,N)
Armianskaïa (C,O)
Armyanskaya (C,O)
Arménie (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République d'Arménie (C,O,French,U,N)
República de Armenia (C,O,Spanish,U)
Armenien (C,O)
Armênia (C,O)
Հայաստան (C,V,Armenian-P,U)
Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն (C,V,Armenian,U)
Армения (C,V,Russian-P,U)
Республика Армения (C,V,Russian,U)
亚美尼亚 (C,V,Chinese-P,U)
亚美尼亚共和国 (C,V,Chinese,U)
أرم يِاَ (C,V,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً أرم يِاَ (C,V,Arabic,U)
ARM (C,O,ISO3L)
AM (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO051 (C,O,ISO3N)
Arm'anskaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublika (H,V)  ............ 1920-1922; 1936-1991
Armenian SSR (H,O)  ............ 1920-1922; 1936-1991
Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (H,O)  ............ 1920-1922; 1936-1991
Armeniya SSR (H,O)  ............ 1920-1922; 1936-1991
Sovyetakan Hayastan (H,V)  ............ 1920-1922; 1936-1991
Russian Armenia (H,O)  ............ 1920-1922; 1936-1991
Soviet Armenia (H,O)  ............ 1920-1922; 1936-1991
Armenian (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Hayastan (nation)  ........  Hayastan (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Transcaucasia (general region)  ........  Transcaucasia (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Hayastan (nation)  ............  Hayastan (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Transcaucasian Federation (federation)  ........  Transcaucasian Federation (federation) (P)
Hierarchy of Hayastan (nation)  ............  Hayastan (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Hayastan (nation)  ............  Hayastan (nation) (P,H) 1920-1991

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  independent of USSR since it was formally terminated on December 26, 1991
primary political unit (C)
republic (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Yerevan .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Hayastan, Yerevan) [7012650]
member of ....  Commonwealth of Independent States .......... (association)
................  (World) [1000094]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1992

Sources and Contributors:
Հայաստան..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն..........  [VP]
............................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
Армения..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
Республика Армения..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
亚美尼亚..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
亚美尼亚共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
أرم يِاَ..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
جُهور ةً أرم يِاَ..........  [VP]
................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
AM..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 11
ARM..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-27
Arm'anskaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublika..........  [VP]
...................................................................................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-40
Armenia..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 720-721
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1999) 545
.................  FIPS Change Notice, no. 1 (1998) 1
.................  Russia, National Geographic (1993) map supplement
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 44
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 38
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) under USSR
Armênia..........  [VP]
.................  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 134
Armenian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 3
Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
...........................................................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Armenian SSR..........  [VP]
.......................  Times Atlas of World History (1989) 290
Arménie..........  [VP]
.................  Embassy of Armenia, Arménie (1992)
.................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-27
Armenien..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 48
Armenija..........  [BHA]
.................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1988)
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Armeniya SSR..........  [FDA, VP]
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
Armianskaïa..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 49
Armyanskaya..........  [VP]
.......................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 37
Hayastan..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Embassy of Armenia, Arménie (1992)
.................  Taylor, Armenian Illustration (1987)
Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun..........  [VP]
.........................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 553
Huyasdan..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 49
ISO051..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 11
República de Armenia..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
Republic of Armenia..........  [VP]
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
République d'Arménie..........  [VP]
...................................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-27
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 19 July 2013
Russian Armenia..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Soviet Armenia..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Sovyetakan Hayastan..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
...................................  Taylor, Armenian Illustration (1987)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 720-721
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 553
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1999) 545
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1988)
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 37
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 49
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 48
..................  Embassy of Armenia, Arménie (1992)
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 10 August 2004
..................  FIPS Change Notice, no. 1 (1998) 1
..................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 10 August 2004
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 11
..................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-27
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 134
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-40
..................  Russia, National Geographic (1993) map supplement
..................  Taylor, Armenian Illustration (1987)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 44
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1989) 290
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 38
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 3
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) under USSR
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 10 August 2004
..........  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 10 August 2004
..........  Hewsen, Armenia: a historical atlas (2001)

 

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