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ID: 1001257
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1001257

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Gīlān (province)  Gīlān (province)

Coordinates:
Lat: 37 10 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 37.1660  decimal degrees
Long: 049 30 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 49.5000  decimal degrees

Note: Gīlān is located in the northwestern region of Iran with Tehrān to the south, Zanjān to the southwest, and Māzandarān to the east. It was influenced by the Achaemenid (550-330 BCE), Seleucid (312-64 BCE), Parthian (250 BCE-226 CE) , and Sasanian (224-642 CE) empires up to the 7th century CE. The Arabian conquest of Gīlān contributed to the development of an independent government until 1567. In the late 16th century, Shah Abbas I brought the region under Persia's control. In 1907, Great Britain and Russia, who had economic interests in the region, divided Iran to three regions, with Gīlān being the Russian zone. After the Russian Revolution the Bolsheviks took control of the region and established Soviet Socialist Republic of Gīlān. Finally, in the treaty of 1921 Gīlān was given back to Iran.

Names:
Gīlān (preferred,C,V)
Gīlān, Ostān-e (C,V)
Ostān-e Gīlān (C,V)
Gilan (C,V)
Ghilan (C,V)
Guilan (C,V)
Gīlān, Ostān-e (C,V)
Gilan, Ostan of (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Īrān (nation)  ........  Īrān (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Gīlān (province)  ............  Gīlān (province) (P)

Place Types:
province (preferred, C)
first level subdivision (C)
republic (H)  ............  of the Soviet Union, 1920-1921
historical region (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Ghilan..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 337
Gīlān..........  [VP Preferred]
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 337
..............  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 15 October 2014
..............  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Gilan..........  [VP]
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 337
Gīlān, Ostān-e..........  [VP]
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Gilan, Ostan of..........  [VP]
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Gīlān, Ostān-e..........  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Guilan..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 337
Ostān-e Gīlān..........  [VP]
..........................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 15 October 2014
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 337
..................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 15 October 2014
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 9 July 2003
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 9 July 2003
..........  Iran Chamber [online] (2001) accessed 24 July 2003

 

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