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ID: 7012495
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7012495

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Heilbronn (inhabited place)  Heilbronn (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 49 08 25 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 49.1403  decimal degrees
Long: 009 13 12 E  degrees minutes   Long: 9.2200  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Heilbronn is located on the Neckar River in the Swabian Forest in southwestern Germany. It was originally a Roman settlement; it was first documented in 741. It belonged to the Frankish crown lands in the 8th century, and was the site of a Carolingian palace from the 9th century. It became a free imperial city in 1281. It suffered in the 16th-century Peasants War, but revived. It was heavily damaged in World War II, but many of its historic structures have been rebuilt. These include St. Killan's Church, designed in a mix of Gothic and Renaissance styles, and the town hall of 1540. The surrounding land is rich and grows large crops of fruits and vegetables, including wine grapes. The city is a commercial center with an important harbor on the Rhine-Neckar shipping route. Machinery and wine are important local products. The 2004 estimated population was 121,300.

Names:
Heilbronn (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Heilbronn Neckar (NA,V)
Heiligbronn (H,V,German,U,N)  ............ meaning "holy spring," early name referring to stream that issued from under the high altar of St. Kilian church

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Deutschland (nation)  ........  Deutschland (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Baden-W├╝rttemberg (state)  ............  Baden-W├╝rttemberg (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Heilbronn (inhabited place)  ................  Heilbronn (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  originally settled by Romans, first documented in 741, chartered in 1281
city (C)
port (C)
market center (C)
manufacturing center (C)
imperial city (H)  ............  status as free imperial city granted in 1281
commercial center (H)  ............  from 16th until mid-17th century

Sources and Contributors:
Heilbronn..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:384
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 82
....................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 497
Heilbronn Neckar..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Heiligbronn..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 804
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:384
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 804
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Heilbronn (Germany) NAF80104782, accessed 17 Feb. 2004
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1789068
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 82
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 497
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 17 Feb. 2004

 

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