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ID: 7012346
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Strasbourg (inhabited place)  Strasbourg (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 48 36 01 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 48.6004  decimal degrees
Long: 007 47 14 E  degrees minutes   Long: 7.7874  decimal degrees

Note: Strasbourg is the capital of the department of Bas-Rhin in the Alsace region of northeastern France. Strategically located on the Ill River, it was originally a Celtic settlement, then a Roman garrison town. In the 5th century it was sacked by Attila the Hun, then rebuilt by the Franks. The Oath of Strasbourg 842 between the eastern and western Frankish kings was taken there. It became a free city under the Holy Roman Empire. In 1681 it was seized by Louis XIV of France but retained many of its free city privileges until after the French Revolution. Germany and France alternated possession until finally in 1945 it reverted to France. It sustained significant damaged in the Franco-German war of 1870-1871 and in World War II. The old city features a cathedral built between the 11th and 15th centuries, and the Châteay de Rohan, an episcopal palace now housing three museums. The modern industrial city of the 21st century is the seat of the assembly of the European Union.

Names:
Strasbourg (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Strasbourg (French-P,U,N)
Strassburg (C,V,German-P,U,N)
Straßburg (C,V,German,U,N)
Strossburi (C,V,Alsatian,U,N)
Estrasburgo (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
Strasburg (C,V)
Strassbourg (C,V)
Straszburg (C,V)
Argentaria (H,O)
Argentina (H,O)
Argentoratum (H,O,Ancient Latin,U,N)  ............ ancient
Argentoria (H,O)
Argentum (H,O)
Stazburgensis (H,O)
Straceburgensis (H,O)
Stradburgo (H,O)
Strateburgum (H,O,Medieval Latin,U,N)  ............ medieval
Stratoburgis (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of France (nation)  ........  France (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Alsace (region (administrative division))  ............  Alsace (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Strasbourg (inhabited place)  ................  Strasbourg (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Alsace (historical region)  ........  Alsace (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Strasbourg (inhabited place)  ............  Strasbourg (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled since pre-Roman times
city (C)
department capital (C)
port (C)
industrial center (C)
commercial center (C)
transportation center (C)
episcopal see (C)
educational center (C)
cultural center (C)
imperial city (H)  ............  achieved freedom 1262
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Argentaria..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 28
Argentina..........  [VP]
....................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 28
Argentoratum..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.......................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12744
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 27
.......................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 337
Argentoria..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 28
Argentum..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 28
Estrasburgo..........  [VP]
.......................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-53
Stazburgensis..........  [VP]
..........................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 28
Straceburgensis..........  [VP]
.............................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 28
Stradburgo..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 28
Strasbourg..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  Michel: Dictionnaire des Communes (1984)
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 190
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1158
Straßburg..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)
Strasburg..........  [VP]
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Strassbourg..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Strassburg..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Straszburg..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Strateburgum..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 893
Stratoburgis..........  [VP]
.......................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 28
Strossburi..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 11 March 2007
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 893
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 11 March 2007
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12744
..................  Michel: Dictionnaire des Communes (1984)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1471697
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 27; 28
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-53
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 190
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 337
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1158
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) vol. 11

 

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